South Korea says time to reconsider North Korea’s U.N. membership
South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se accused North Korea on Thursday of “totally ridiculing” the authority of the United Nations through its nuclear and missile tests and said it was time to reconsider whether it was qualified for U.N. membership.
In an address to the annual United Nations General Assembly, Yun said the U.N. security Council should adopt “stronger, comprehensive” sanctions on North Korea after its fifth nuclear test on Sept. 9 and close loopholes in existing measures.
“North Korea’s repeated violations and non-compliance of Security Council resolutions and international norms is unprecedented and has no parallel in the history of the U.N.,” Yun said.
“North Korea is totally ridiculing the authority of the General Assembly and the Security Council,” he said.
“Therefore, I believe it is high time to seriously reconsider whether North Korea is qualified as a peace-loving U.N. member, as many countries are already questioning.”
Yun said North Korea had not only advanced its nuclear and missile capacity, but publicly threatened to use those weapons preemptively. He said it was the “last chance” to put a brake on its nuclear ambitions.
Yun also called for action against North Korea’s violations of the rights of its own people, and said there should be greater focus on North Korean workers abroad and the possible diversion of their wages to weapons programs.
Discussions are already under way on a possible new U.N. sanctions resolution on North Korea after its latest nuclear test.
Analysts and diplomats say much depends on China’s attitude.
China is North Korea’s main ally, but has been angered by its repeated missile and nuclear tests and backed tough U.N. sanctions on Pyongyang in March. At the same time, it has repeatedly called for a return to international talks to resolve the issue, in spite of the skepticism of other world powers.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang told the General Assembly on Wednesday countries must remain committed to denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, while seeking a solution to the North Korean nuclear issue through dialogue.
The United States said Li and U.S. President Barack Obama agreed in New York on Monday to step up cooperation in the U.N. Security Council and in law enforcement channels
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said on Wednesday the threat posed by North Korea was “substantially more serious” than in the past and demanded an “entirely distinct” response.
(Reporting by David Brunnstrom; editing by Stuart Grudgings)
UN’s development work must heed calls of the most vulnerable, says Republic of Korea’s Foreign Minister
22 September 2016 – Noting that the 2016 is the first year for the United Nations to implement the historic 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreementon climate change, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea underscored that the role of the global organization is more crucial than ever in an increasingly interconnected and complex world.
“In order to address this multi-layered equation in a sustainable way,” Minister Yun Byung-se said: “The UN should heed calls for inclusive multilateralism [through] multilateral efforts to include the vulnerable, the isolated and the ‘unempowered.’”
Sharing his own country’s experiences, which could be beneficial for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), he said outlined the country’s programmes in the education, women empowerment, science and technology, and rural development.
He also informed the General Assembly that the his Government is taking steps to complete ratification of the Paris Agreement during 2016.
The Minister also underscored that peace, in the fullest sense, can be achieved only when peace and security, development and human rights are advanced together, and he stressed that conflict prevention should be mainstreamed in all UN activities.
Turning to conflicts in different parts of the world, he noted that a signals of looming strife are violations of human rights and the spread of violent extremism and terrorism, and urged world leaders for a holistic, inclusive and multi-stakeholder approach to solve multi-faceted challenges related to peace and security.
He said the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) joined the UN 25 years ago, and in the years since, there could be no starker contrast between the two: “[while the Republic of Korea] has successfully achieved the three goals of the UN – peace and security, development and human rights – the DPRK is impoverished, oppressive and increasingly trigger-happy.”
The Minister explained that this was because of DPRK’s “fanatical and reckless pursuit” of nuclear and missile programmes and added that the country’s recent nuclear tests show that its relevant activities have neared “the tipping point,” with the country now threatening the actual use of those weapons.
Calling for action to address the situation, he urged the international community’s human rights mechanisms to take more robust measures amid the violations in the country, underlined the need to sharpen global focus on DPRK’s “so-called state-sponsored forced labour abroad,” and stressed greater attention to the yearnings of DPRK’s people for freedom and human dignity.
Concluding his address, the Foreign Minister hailed the leadership of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and expressed his confidence that the next UN chief would continue to make the global organization more efficient and stronger by building on Mr. Ban’s legacy.
Tags: China, ballistic missiles, North Korea, Ban Ki-moon, Li Keqiang, DPRK, nuclear weapons, South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se, Yun Byung-se, Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs, Nuclear tests, non-compliance of Security Council resolutions, DPRK’s “fanatical and reckless pursuit” of nuclear and missile programmes