Syrian civil defence volunteers search for victims amid the rubble of destroyed buildings following government air strikes on the rebel-held neighbourhood of Bustan al-Basha in the northern city of Aleppo, on October 4, 2016. AFP photo
DAMASCUS (AFP) – Syria’s military on Wednesday announced a reduction of air strikes and artillery fire on rebels in Aleppo, saying the army had advanced nearly two weeks into its large-scale offensive for the city.
The statement, carried by state news agency SANA, said the decision had been taken “after the success of our armed forces in Aleppo and cutting off all terrorist supply routes into the eastern districts”.
“The military command has decided to reduce the number of air strikes and artillery on terrorist positions to allow civilians that want to leave to reach safe areas,” it said.
Once Syria’s commercial hub, Aleppo has been divided by rebel groups in the east and government forces in the west since violence broke out there in 2012.
On September 22, the army of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad announced a major assault to capture the opposition-held half.
Backed by Russian warplanes, the offensive is being waged in the city centre, in the northern outskirts, and in the southern edges.
It has come under international scrutiny because of indiscriminate air strikes on civilian infrastructure, including hospitals.
Heavy bombardment on Monday destroyed the M10 hospital, the largest in the eastern districts.
The Associated Press and CBS News
GENEVA — The U.N. on Wednesday released stark satellite images showing the most recent destruction of Syria’s embattled northern city of , pounded by Syrian and since the collapse of a U.S.-Russia brokered cease-fire two weeks ago.
The release coincides with a stepped-up offensive by Syrian pro-government forces that are attacking the city from the south in a bid to penetrate its opposition-controlled areas, where the U.N. estimates 275,000 people are trapped in a government siege.
In Geneva, an official with the U.N.’s satellite imagery program said the new pictures from the rebel-held areas in the eastern half of the city show much destruction, presumably caused by airstrikes.
A satellite image released by the United Nations’ UNITAR-UNOSAT shows homes destroyed by bombing in the Karm ad-Da’a’ District, of Aleppo, Sept. 25, 2016. DIGITALGLOBE
“Since the cease-fire has broken down, you certainly see an awful lot of new damage or plenty of new damage,” said Lars Bromley, a research adviser at UNOSAT.
The images, from Digital Globe and obtained by the U.N. agency through a licensing arrangement with the U.S. State Department, show mostly “formerly blasted and blown-up areas” during Syria’s 5-1/2-year war “experiencing a great deal of additional damage,” said Bromley.
“To a certain extent you’re looking at rubble being pushed around,” he told reporters.
The images primarily show before-and-after pictures from mid to late September showing destruction of buildings, including houses, after the short-lived cease-fire broke down. Several images are from northern Aleppo neighborhoods, where government forces have also advanced against rebel fighters battling back.
“Since the cease-fire has broken down, you certainly see an awful lot of new damage or plenty of new damage,” Bromley added. “Remember that the areas that are being bombed have been bombed almost continuously for quite some time. So seeing dramatic images of formerly pristine areas now turned to rubble – you don’t see a lot of that.”
Some of the images had a “signature” that airstrikes had done the damage – a large-size crater.
“Air-dropped munitions are often much larger than anything you would fire on the ground, so a giant crater in the ground is almost certainly an air-dropped munition,” Bromley explained. “Then things like rockets, they will often occur in a row, whereas artillery or mortars will kind of have a different pattern.”
“But there is also a lot of overlap, there is a lot of smaller airdropped bombs that will look almost the same as a mortar or an artillery piece,” he added.
UNOSAT manager Einar Bjorgo added that places like Aleppo, which has long been the focus of Syria’s bitter civil war, now in its sixth year, “are of course complex to analyze because you have a mix of all this.”
The images could also provide significant insight after a controversial attack – such as a deadly attack on a U.N.-backed humanitarian aid convoy west of Aleppo last month.
“With our analysis, we determined that it was an airstrike,” Bromley said. Convoy organizers had obtained necessary clearances from the government, rebels as well as the Americans and Russians, who operated aircraft in Syrian skies.
The top U.S. military officer, Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told a Senate committee last week that he believes Russia bombed the convoy and said Syrian and Russian aircraft were in the area at the time. Russia and Syria have denied that they were responsible for the strike.
The U.N. officials also presented images from Iraq that showed plumes of black smoke from burning oil fields about 15 kilometers (9 miles) south of Mosul that were set aflame as Islamic State retreated to the city.
UNOSAT generally provides images to U.N. agencies, such as the refugee agency UNHCR, which is preparing for an expected exodus from IS-held Mosul after Iraq’s government announced plans to retake the city by the end of this year.
Earlier Wednesday, Turkish military officials said two Syrian opposition fighters and a Turkish soldier were killed in clashes with Islamic State militants in northern Syria, southwest of the town of al-Rai. At least 18 IS fighters were also killed, they said.
The military officials, speaking on condition of anonymity in line with regulations, said the Turkish backed-opposition forces took control of four residential areas: Turkmen Bari, Kuaybah, Boztepe and Hardanah.
Separately, a Turkish soldier was killed and three others were slightly wounded in fighting in the opposition-held area of Ziyara, which a group of IS militants tried to infiltrate.
Turkey sent troops and tanks into Syria in August to help Syrian rebels re-take IS strongholds near the border.
Tags: Aleppo, Aleppo satellite images, Assad, Bashar al-Assad, bombing hospitals, DIGITAL GLOBE, indiscriminate air strikes on civilian infrastructure, John Kerry, Joseph Dunford, Karm ad-Da’a’, Lavrov, M10 hospital, Owaija, Russian air force, Russian airstrikes, satellite images of Aleppo, satellite images showing the most recent destruction of Aleppo, Syria, Syria's military on Wednesday announced a reduction of air strikes and artillery fire on rebels in Aleppo, Syrian bombing of Aleppo, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Syrian war escalates after cease-fire collapses, Turkey, Turkish military, U.N., U.S. State Department, UNHCR, UNITAR-UNOSAT, United Nations