China to set up new anti-corruption body
China to set up new anti-corruption body to oversee all public servants as it intensifies battle against graft
South China Morning Post
Made up of commissions across the nation, organ will integrate separate state agencies
China’s Communist Party celebrates its 95th anniversary this year. A new anti-graft body would expand oversight to all public servants. Photo: Simon Song
China will set up a new anti-graft body to consolidate separate state agencies and oversee all public servants in the latest move to combat deep-rooted corruption in the country.
Beijing and the provinces of Shanxi and Zhejiang will set up new supervision commissions as pilot programmes, according to a statement from the general offices of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, Xinhua reported late on Monday.
The commissions will later be implemented nationwide, according to the statement.
The new body will be technically independent of the executive branch.
The ultimate goal is to build a state anti-corruption organ under the Communist Party’s leadership that will integrate separate anti-graft government forces and covers all public servants, the report said.
Members of the three provincial-level anti-corruption bodies, or supervision commissions, will be appointed by provincial legislatures.
The reform will position the commissions technically parallel to the provincial government, provincial courts and provincial prosecutors’ office.
The Chinese government’s anti-corruption forces prsently include the Ministry of Supervision; the National Bureau of Corruption Prevention, which is affiliated with the MOS; and the Anti-Corruption Bureau under the supreme prosecutors’ office.
The MOS shares the same office and website as the party’s anti-graft organ, the Central Commission of Discipline Inspection.
Under Chinese law, the MOS is part of the central government and oversees only personnel in the executive branch. Personnel at local legislatures, local courts and prosecutors’ offices were expected to come under the watch of the new commissions, analysts said.
‘Unsupervised power is very dangerous’: China’s top graft-buster warns Communist Party’s 80 million members to toe the line
Discipline tsar Wang Qishan tells party cadres to stay clean and vigilant in rare People’s Daily article
By Zhuang Pinghui
South China Morning Post
Wang Qishan, head of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, has called on Communist Party members to ‘raise their political awareness’ and ‘stay clean’. Photo: Xinhua
The discipline tsar of China’s Communist Party, who has helped President Xi Jinping purge hundreds of corrupted powerful cadres, published an article in the People’s Daily on Tuesday requiring all 80 million party members to toe the party line.
The rare public article by Wang Qishan, in his capacity as the head of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, came as the authorities launched a pilot scheme on setting up new government supervision commissions and days after the party endorsed new house rules governing senior cadres’ political conduct.
Whether Wang, 68, will stay in the Politburo Standing Committee after a leadership reshuffle conference next year is also one of the biggest guesses in Chinese politics.
A senior Communist Party researcher said publicly last week that there was no age limit for party nominations, defying the existence of an unwritten rule that those aged at or above 68 will be disqualified for next 5-year session of Politburo Standing Committee.
In the article published on the third page of the People’s Daily, Wang called on senior cadres to stay vigilant against those who harbour plots to seize the power of the party and the state.
“The higher one’s position is, the more trust [the Party] bestows on him, so the higher the risk,” Wang wrote. “Absolute power leads to absolute corruption, and thus unsupervised power is extremely dangerous.”
Wang also urged party officials, especially senior ones, to “raise their political awareness” and “stay clean”.
Political discipline ranked No 1 out of all the party disciplines, Wang wrote, sending a strong message that party members must follow orders from the top rigidly.
“A lot of officials are indifferent and apathetic about that, thinking it does not matter much about breaking political rules as long as they do not take bribes,” Wang wrote.
The article echoed the communiqué of the recently closed sixth plenum of the 18th Party Congress, in which Xi, the party boss, criticised party officials for forming clans within the party and expelling outsiders.
Former security tsar Zhou Yongkang and Ling Jihua, an aide to former president Hu Jintao, were mentioned as examples of people that have breached political rules and ganged up for their own interests.
Wang’s commission has become increasingly powerful ever since Xi came to power in 2012 and has waged an unprecedented anti-graft campaign. Scores of provincial and minister level officials have been taken away and some jailed for graft offences.
Tags: anti-corruption, anti-graft, ‘core leader’ Xi Jinping, Central Committee, China, China's Communist Party, Communist Party, Communist Party of China, corruption, Ministry of Supervision, National Bureau of Corruption Prevention, public servants, Unsupervised power is very dangerous, Wang Qishan, Xi Jinping