Posts Tagged ‘Dublin’

Brexit: City of London office leasing at a ten-year low — Britain is living in ‘fantasy land’ over hopes for a ‘basic’ Brexit, senior EU officials and diplomats say

November 4, 2017

Property firm says uptake has slowed down after the Brexit vote

By Neil Callanan

The Independent

Firms are continuing to delay decisions about leasing space in London’s main financial district after the UK’s vote to leave the European Union, according to Brookfield Property’s chief executive Brian Kingston.

“Leasing activity is slow,” Mr Kingston said on a call with analysts on Thursday.

“The leases that are getting done, rents are still holding in pretty well. But the level of activity I think is probably the lowest it’s been in over a decade in the City of London.”

Brookfield has been one of the biggest developers of office buildings in the so-called Square Mile since it began buying up land plots in 2010.

It sold its stake in the 20 Fenchurch Street tower known as the Walkie Talkie in the third quarter at a capitalisation rate of 3.5 per cent, one of the highest prices on record for the financial district.

Mr Kingston also said it will be difficult for some firms to move people overseas.

“The idea of moving jobs or moving people from London to some of these other centres is not as simple as just picking up and moving it,” he said.

“London benefits from a tremendous amount of infrastructure including housing and schools and just generally quality of life that many of these other cities just don’t have” and “wouldn’t be able to turn on overnight.”


Image result for Disney, magic kingdom, photos

Britain is living in ‘fantasy land’ over hopes for a ‘basic’ Brexit, senior EU officials and diplomats say

The Telegraph


The British government is living in “fantasy land” if it believes that it can an amicable break-up with the EU in the event of a ‘basic’ Brexit, senior EU officials and diplomats have told The Telegraph.

Three separate EU sources in both Brussels and a leading EU capital have warned that British expectations of a “no deal, deal” had failed to understand the ramifications of the UK pulling out Europe without paying its bills.

The tough European line raises serious question about the value of assurances given by David Davis to the Lords this week that Europe would do a “basic” deal with Britain in the event that both sides were unable to negotiate a trade deal.

The Brexit secretary told the Lords EU select committee that in the “very, very improbable” event that a deal proved beyond the two sides, worst-case scenarios would be averted.

“Whatever happens we will have a basic deal without the…

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Copenhagen Joins Battle to Lure Financial Firms From London After Brexit

September 29, 2017

LONDON — Denmark’s business minister was meeting financial technology firms in London on Friday as part of a two-day drive to lure them from Britain after Brexit.

Copenhagen faces fierce competition from Frankfurt, Paris, Luxembourg and Dublin in the battle to attract firms needing an EU base after Britain leaves the bloc in 18 months’ time.

“That’s a tough game,” Danish business minister Brian Mikkelsen said in a telephone call from Level39, the fintech hub in London’s Canary Wharf financial district.

Image result for London's Canary Wharf, photos

London’s Canary Wharf financial district

“We are going to make it cheaper and easier to be in Denmark.”

Denmark, which has already begun a review of regulation and taxes to remove burdens on financial companies and staff, is meeting 25 firms in London, including Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan, Goldman Sachs, State Street and BlackRock.

“We would like to be the northern European hub for the financial sector,” Mikkelsen said.

He said Denmark will launch a “sandbox” to allow fintech firms to experiment with new apps on actual customers without having to go through burdensome licence applications and regulatory approvals first.

Sandboxes were spearheaded by Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority and are being quickly copied across the world by governments keen to attract fintech firms along with the jobs and growth prospects they bring.

Mikkelsen said no financial firm from Britain had applied for a licence in Denmark, which is mainly focussing on fintech and asset managers, rather than seeking big lenders, pitting it against smaller rivals such as Dublin and Luxembourg, rather than Paris or Frankfurt.

“Our aim while we are here is the asset managers and fintech start ups. We have a very well educated and flexible labour force and in Denmark we are very digitised.”

(Reporting by Huw Jones)

Leaked UK memo accuses Paris of wanting to sink City of London

July 17, 2017


© Leon Neal, AFP file picture | The City of London financial district, including the Gherkin (right) and the ‘Walkie Talkie’ (front) towers.

Text by FRANCE 24 

Latest update : 2017-07-17

France is pushing for a hard Brexit in a bid to weaken the City of London, the British finance sector’s EU frontman warned in a leaked report published on Sunday.

“They are crystal clear about their underlying objective: the weakening of Britain, the ongoing degradation of the City of London,” Jeremy Browne, a former government minister who is now the City’s Brexit envoy, said in a memo.

The leaked report, published by the Mail on Sunday tabloid, was written as a summary to ministers of a trip made by Browne to France in early July.

“The meeting with the French Central Bank was the worst I have had anywhere in the EU. They are in favour of the hardest Brexit. They want disruption,” he said.

Browne acknowledged there may be political benefits to France of playing “bad cop” in the negotiations on Britain’s withdrawal from the European Union, which began last month and resumed in Brussels on Monday.

But “we should nevertheless have our eyes open that France sees Britain and the City of London as adversaries, not partners”.

According to Browne, this approach was not confined to a few officials, but was a “whole-of-France collective endeavour, made both more giddy and more assertive by the election of (Emmanuel) Macron” as president in May”. Aside from his meeting with the French Central Bank, he did not specify which other officials he had spoken with.

Browne added that “every country, not unreasonably, is alive to the opportunities that Brexit provides, but the French go further”.

He said they are “seemingly happy to see outcomes detrimental to the City of London even if Paris is not the beneficiary”.

Many cities in running to replace London

Paris is competing with Amsterdam, Dublin, Frankfurt, Madrid and Luxembourg for an expected shift in finance jobs out of London as a result of Brexit.

With Britain at risk of losing the “passporting rights” financial firms use to deal with clients in the rest of the bloc, employees in direct contact with customers may need to be based on EU territory in future.

The day after Britain voted to leave the EU in June last year, Valérie Pécresse, the head of the Paris regional government, sent out hand-signed letters to 4,000 small, medium and large international enterprises in London, underscoring the benefits of moving their businesses to Paris.

And in October, Paris’s financial centre La Défense launched the PR-campaign “Tired of the fog? Try the frogs” aimed at attracting companies across the Channel. In November, the city of Paris, the Paris regional government and the French chamber of commerce also set up a so-called “Brexit cell”, dubbed Choose Paris Region, a team exclusively dedicated to responding to queries — many of them anonymous — from companies considering a potential move from London to Paris in the light of Brexit.

Earlier this month, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe laid out a raft of measures aimed at boosting Paris’s attractiveness, including eliminating the top income tax bracket.

Browne, who was an MP for the pro-European Liberal Democrats until 2015, served as a junior foreign office minister in former prime minister David Cameron’s coalition government.

He was appointed special representative to the EU by the City of London Corporation, which represents the financial sector, in September 2015.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

France’s Francois Hollande Says Despite Brexit, The EU Still May Enlarge If Balkan States Continue Aspiring to EU Membership

July 4, 2016

The Associated Press

LONDON (AP) — The Latest following Britain’s vote to leave the European Union (all times local):

7:10 p.m.

French President Francois Hollande says the British vote to leave the European Union won’t threaten eventual enlargement of the bloc.

Hollande, speaking after a summit with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and leaders from Balkan states aspiring to EU membership, acknowledged uncertainty in the Balkan region in particular around their EU membership bids.

“The British decision does not in any way put into question commitments made toward countries in the Balkan region. They will be respected,” he said in Paris.

Balkan integration into the EU is considered key for stability of the volatile region. The EU’s current troubles are emboldening pro-Russian groups in Serbia who favor closer ties with Russia instead of the West.

Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic was disappointed by an EU decision last week to delay further membership talks. Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bosnia, Kosovo and Albania, all at different stages in trying to join the EU, say the British exit vote will not diminish their membership efforts.


4:35 p.m.

Britain’s immigration minister says he can’t guarantee that European Union citizens who live in the U.K. will be able to stay after the country leaves the bloc.

James Brokenshire has told the House of Commons that “EU nationals continue to be welcome here” and “their right to enter, work, study and live in the U.K. remains unchanged” since the vote last week to leave the bloc.

But he said a guarantee that they would be allowed to remain after Britain negotiates its EU exit “would be unwise without a parallel assurance” from other EU countries that British citizens can continue to live there.

A final split from the EU is likely several years away. Opposition politicians are demanding the government ease the uncertainty of some 3 million EU citizens by guaranteeing they can stay.

Labour legislator Gisela Stuart said Monday that it was wrong to make them “bargaining chips” in negotiations.


1:30 p.m.

Luxembourg’s foreign minister is describing Nigel Farage’s decision to quit as leader of the U.K. Independence Party as “very cowardly.”

Farage’s announcement Monday made him the third major British political figure to say he is stepping aside rather than taking ownership of the country’s turbulent political future.

Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn was quoted Monday as telling German daily Tagesspiegel: “All of a sudden, politicians like Boris Johnson and Nigel Farage are withdrawing back into their snail shells.”

Asselborn added: “I hope this can be a lesson against falling for political opportunists like the (anti-migration) AfD in Germany or Geert Wilders in the Netherlands.”


1:10 p.m.

Police say a memorial to former Labour Party leader Michael Foot has been defaced with far-right graffiti.

Rob Souness of Devon and Cornwall Police says the force is investigating the “disgusting act of vandalism” to the stone memorial in Foot’s home town of Plymouth, southwest England. Foot, who died in 2010, led the left-of-center Labour Party between 1980 and 1983.

The monument was defaced with swastikas and the initials of the British National Party and English Defense League, both far-right groups.

Police have reported an increase in racially motivated hate crimes since Britain voted to leave the European Union in a June 23 referendum.

The current member of Parliament for Plymouth, Conservative Johnny Mercer tweeted: “Tragic. Unacceptable. Michael Foot was a proud son of Plymouth. This is not us, not Plymouth.”


11:45 a.m.

British Energy Minister Andrea Leadsom has launched her bid to lead the Conservative Party, pitching herself as a passionately pro-“leave” candidate who can both unite a divided Britain and strike a good deal with the European Union.

Leadsom is one of the least-known among the five candidates to replace Prime Minister David Cameron, but she gained attention as one of the strongest voices for a vote to leave the EU in the referendum campaign.

She’s targeting her pitch at Conservatives who think the next prime minister must be someone from the winning side of the referendum. The front-runner, Home Secretary Theresa May, was on the losing “remain” side.

Leadsom, who went into politics after a career in financial services, says she would keep the negotiations on an exit deal with the 27 other EU countries as short as possible, because “neither we nor our European friends need prolonged uncertainty.”

And, unlike May, she says EU citizens living in Britain would be guaranteed the right to stay. She says “we must give them certainty. There is no way they will be bargaining chips in our negotiations.”


11:35 a.m.

A top law firm may institute a legal challenge to make certain that Britain’s Parliament votes on whether or not the U.K. should leave the European Union.

The law firm Mishcon de Reya argues that the referendum approving an exit from the EU was not legally binding.

The firm, acting on behalf of a group of anonymous clients, says that it is up to Parliament to have their say before the prime minister invokes Article 50, triggering the start of negotiations for a U.K. departure from the bloc.

While outgoing Prime Minister David Cameron has insisted that it will be up to the next prime minister to enact Article 50, the law firm is adamant that Parliament must have its say first. It says that it would go to court without government assurances.


11:20 a.m.

British companies’ pension liabilities have jumped to a record high in the wake of the vote to leave the European Union.

Consultancy Mercer said Monday that a survey of the 350 biggest listed U.K. companies shows their liabilities in defined benefit pension schemes jumped to 813 billion pounds ($1.08 trillion) by the end of June from 761 billion pounds a month earlier.

The worsening in the companies’ pension accounts is due to the fact that returns on investments like bonds have dropped since the vote. That is due to expectations that the economy will weaken and that the Bank of England will cut its benchmark rate further toward zero this summer.

While low rates can help the economy by making borrowing cheaper, they weigh on the growth of savings and pension funds. Low returns on savings and pension investments are a problem across Europe, where central banks have slashed rates to help the economy.


10:20 a.m.

UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage says he is resigning as the head of the party, arguing his political ambition to have Britain leave the European Union has now been achieved.

It is the second time Farage resigns as the leader of the party, but he says this time it is definite.

Farage said Monday he will retain his seat in the European Parliament to see out the negotiations for Britain’s exit from the EU following the country’s June 23 vote to leave the bloc.


9:45 a.m.

Britain’s Treasury chief plans to cut U.K. corporation tax to less than 15 percent to encourage companies to invest and ease business concerns about the country’s vote to leave the European Union.

Treasury chief George Osborne says the cut is meant to underscore that Britain is “still open for business,” despite the referendum results. A cut of about 5 percentage points brings Britain in line with Ireland’s 12.5 percent rate.

Osborne told the Financial Times it was time to “make the most of the hand we’ve been dealt.” He is urging the Bank of England to use its powers to avoid “a contraction of credit in the economy.”

Some businesses based in London are considering leaving for other cities like Dublin, Amsterdam, Frankfurt and Paris to benefit from the large EU common market.

European Cities Battle for London’s Finance Crown After Brexit Vote

July 1, 2016

Paris, Frankfurt and Dublin are looking to lure financial firms away from the British capital

Following the U.K.’s vote to leave the European Union, London’s position as the continent’s premier financial center is under threat.
Following the U.K.’s vote to leave the European Union, London’s position as the continent’s premier financial center is under threat.PHOTO: JASON ALDEN/BLOOMBERG NEWS

July 1, 2016 12:00 a.m. ET

European cities are closing in on London’s wounded financial hub.

Following the U.K.’s vote to quit the European Union, London’s position as the continent’s premier financial center is under threat, and officials in Paris, Frankfurt and Dublin aren’t wasting time in trying to hasten its downturn.

The day after last week’s vote, Ireland’s foreign investment agency wrote to more than a thousand investors reminding them that the Emerald Isle was staying in the EU and offering help to move people over. In Frankfurt, officials set up a special hotline for banks that want to discuss shifting operations outside Britain, in preparation for thousands of potential defectors.


A team from Paris Europlace, which promotes French finance, plans to travel to London to woo financial firms and professionals. French government agency Business France published leaflets outlining the joys of working—and living—in Paris.


“It’s not that we’re trying to take advantage of the pain of others,” said Alain Pithon, Paris Europlace’s secretary-general. “But we think we have a card to play.”

Financial regulation will be a key issue in the U.K.’s exit negotiations with the EU. For Britain, the stakes are high. The financial industry accounted for 12% of U.K. economic output in 2014. Nearly 2.2 million people work in financial and related services, more than 700,000 of them in London.
Faced with growing competition from Europe, lobbyists from the U.K.’s financial engine are scrambling to steady the ship.

“There has always been a friendly rivalry between us,” said Chris Cummings, chief executive of lobbying group TheCityUK, during a break between fielding calls from a plethora of concerned investors.

Some two dozen bank executives gathered this week at the British Bankers’ Association’s headquarters to hash out how to press governments to let the U.K. keep its right to sell financial products across the EU, according to a person familiar with the matter. That could help keep banks in London.

Whether the U.K. secures a deal for the sale of products across the EU—so-called passporting—is crucial but could take years to determine. The negotiating process for the U.K.’s exit isn’t likely to start until fall at the earliest. But already, clients want banks’ reassurance there won’t be disruptions in their services, said Simon Gleeson, a partner at law firm Clifford Chance.

Taxation and labor laws, as well as cost of living, will factor into firms’ decision-making. Before the Brexit vote, the U.K. marketed itself as the business-friendly gateway to Europe. It benefits from lower corporate tax rates and more flexible employment laws than Germany and France.

France in particular has strict rules; firing permanent employees usually requires negotiating large severance packages, and efforts to loosen labor laws have fallen short.

But French officials point to tax breaks they offer for moving employees to France, and financial-sector groups say they are increasing their lobbying for broader tax cuts to attract banks.

And Ireland is increasingly giving the U.K. a run for its money, luring companies with a corporate tax rate of 12.5%.
Financial-industry players are exploring their options. On Thursday, several British bank chairmen urged authorities not to force them to shift businesses out of the U.K. But stock-exchange operators sounded a more pessimistic note.

The chief executive of Europe’s largest stock exchange said it is “highly likely” to establish a presence in the eurozone.

“Unless we get an early and clear view on the U.K.’s negotiations with the EU, which I don’t think is likely, we are highly likely to set up a eurozone legal entity [in addition to the London headquarters] just because it provides us with some certainty,” said Mark Hemsley, chief executive of Bats Europe.

His counterpart at exchange operator Euronext NV warned that the 30% to 45% of trading in euro-denominated assets done in London would only be acceptable while the U.K. was part of the single market.

“What was normal when you share a common destiny, a common single market, a consistent regulation becomes an anomaly once London leaves the EU,” said Euronext CEO Stéphane Boujnah.

Few bank executives anticipated the U.K. would vote Leave and even fewer have detailed plans to deal with it, according to bankers. Morgan Stanley has created a working group to look at other potential locations in Europe, according to a person familiar with the matter. Barclays PLC is getting ready to scope out Dublin as one potential European base, according to a person familiar with the matter. Some major lenders, including Citigroup Inc., will likely wait six months or so to see if the renegotiation of the passporting rules is at all feasible before deciding how to shift jobs abroad, people familiar with the plans said.

Banks won’t uproot all of their London operations, just those required to be relocated by European regulators, analysts said.

“A lot of banks are in London to access the international capital markets, rather than the EU markets,” said Michael McKee, a partner at law firm DLA Piper.

Even before the Brexit vote, London was feeling the heat. The high living and office rental costs were pinching cash-strapped banks. R3Location, a London-based business that specializes in moving employees and works with several banks, saw demand drop 20% in the last six months as businesses held back from shifting top executives to the capital, said co-founder Marco Previero.

Still, quitting London is not painless. Few other European cities share London’s time zone, English language, common law and cosmopolitan appeal. Many are a fraction of the size of the British capital so companies face a difficult call: move fast to snap up available office space and ensure their staffers’ children get into schools, or wait to see if a passporting deal gets hashed out.

One major weapon in the U.K.’s arsenal would be voiding an EU-wide cap on bankers’ bonuses. The British government lobbied unsuccessfully to remove the cap, which limits annual bonuses to twice base salary. Following a Brexit, the country could scrap the rule altogether.

The vote has also triggered other worries. Several banks are conducting audits of employees’ immigration papers. The fear is that non-U.K. citizens could lose the right to work in Britain—or U.K. citizens could lose the right to work in the rest of the EU, said Maarten Poels, a regional director at Santa Fe Relocation Services, a firm that specializes in moving employees for global lenders.

“That will give us a sense of who might be able to stay or need to relocate back,” said Mr. Poels.

Lifestyle will also be a factor. For instance, Frankfurt is home to the European Central Bank and boasts a lower cost of living than London, but it also has a reputation for being a boring city.

“Good luck trying to convince U.S. investment bankers to move there,” said one London-based consultant.

Frankfurt Main Finance denied people find the city boring once they know it. “They say Frankfurt makes you cry twice,” said Hubertus Väth, managing director of the group promoting the city. “You cry when you get sent there and then you cry when you have to leave.”

Write to Max Colchester at and Sam Schechner at

Jack Lew’s Corporate Tax Ambush

April 6, 2016

Another lawless attempt to scapegoat business in an election year.

Treasury secretary Jack Lew in Washington D.C. on March 30.
Treasury secretary Jack Lew in Washington D.C. on March 30. PHOTO: BLOOMBERG NEWS


The Wall Street Journal
By The Editorial Board

April 5, 2016 7:51 p.m. ET

You can tell it’s an election year, because the Obama Administration is moving again to blame U.S. companies for trying to remain competitive despite the developed world’s worst corporate tax burden. No less than President Obama himself appeared in the White House press room Tuesday to praise new Treasury rules, issued the day before, that sandbag Pfizer Inc. and other companies using foreign takeovers to reduce their tax burden.

Mr. Obama started by telling everyone how splendid the U.S. economy is doing, which shows how low political expectations have sunk after seven years of 2% growth. This Obama boom will be news to Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton, who are both promising faster growth through better socialism.

But on that score Mr. Obama wants to help his fellow Democrats with one more lawless Treasury rewrite of longstanding U.S. tax law. Twice before, in 2014 and 2015, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew simply issued notices that changed the rules to make it more difficult for a merging company to adopt a foreign legal address—so-called corporate inversions. But those attempts flopped—because the business incentive is so great to escape America’s destructive combined state and federal corporate tax rate of more than 39%.

Now Mr. Lew is really turning the screws, as he announced a new crackdown on “serial inverters.” He’s referring to companies that have repeatedly done things that are perfectly legal. And now he’s going to make them pay, starting with the Pfizer merger with Allergan that Mr. Lew wants to stop. Allergan shares lost more than $15 billion in market value Tuesday after the Treasury ambush.

In order for a U.S. firm to gain the full tax benefits of an inversion under longstanding rules, its foreign merger partner has to be almost as large. After a series of inversion deals in recent years, there are now more big foreign companies, many based in Ireland. Mr. Lew doesn’t want them merging with any more U.S. companies and pulling the headquarters addresses over to Dublin. So his new rule will ignore transactions conducted in the last three years and pretend that these firms are smaller than they really are in order to prevent them from doing deals that other companies can still do.

This would almost surely be thrown out if it were challenged in court, but Mr. Lew knows that is unlikely to happen. Team Obama figures they can get away with this illegal rewrite because potential corporate partners would likely need to merge and then suffer at the hands of the IRS before they could have the standing to sue. Not many corporate executives—or their shareholders—are willing to do that.

Mr. Lew also wants to ban what liberals call “earnings stripping.” The rest of the world calls this lending money to a U.S. subsidiary, but the basic idea is that whenever a U.S.-based division of a company legally deducts interest payments from its taxes, Mr. Obama sees a tragic reduction in federal tax revenue. So Mr. Lew has decided to reinterpret a 1969 law to propose a new rule in 2016 that changes longstanding conceptions of the difference between debt and equity in order to raise corporate tax bills.

And here’s where it gets ugly for everybody, not merely “serial inverters.” All loans within a company will now have to be scrutinized and categorized according to new standards. A prominent tax lawyer tells us to prepare for a “sea change in corporate back offices” as companies navigate a new ocean of compliance questions.

As if this weren’t bad enough, Messrs. Obama and Lew accompanied their new rules with lectures about the benefits of operating in the U.S. and its “rule of law.” But these companies are acting legally and behaving rationally under the law that Congress has written.


The irony is that Congressional leaders in both parties are eager to rewrite the corporate tax code in a way that helps the U.S. economy. Paul Ryan has been trying to negotiate a corporate tax reform since 2014, as have Chuck Schumer and Rob Portman in the Senate. But Messrs. Obama and Lew won’t deal in good faith because they want any corporate reform to be a huge net tax increase yielding tens of billions in new annual revenue they can spend.

So the rest of the world will continue to march down the Laffer Curve on corporate tax rates, making their countries better destinations for companies that want to be globally competitive. Britain’s Tories recently announced a plan to cut the U.K. corporation tax rate to 17% by 2020, from 20% now, which is down from 28% in 2010. The lowest Mr. Obama will even consider is 28%, which is barely worth the political effort.

All of this is one more example of how Mr. Obama’s economic policies increase political uncertainty and erode the potential for faster growth and rising incomes. No one can see the investment that won’t occur or the jobs that won’t be created in the U.S. because of the Obama-Lew desire to stick it to corporations and their workers in an election year.

Scuffles break out at launch of anti-Islam , anti-immigration group in Dublin

February 7, 2016

By Dan Griffin

RTÉ to file formal complaint after staff cameraman injured during clashes

Members of the Garda Public Order Unit clashed with protesters in Dublin city centre after scuffles broke out during a demonstration against far right group Pegida.

The German based anti-Islam organisation had annouced that it would be launching an Irish wing outside the GPO at 3pm on Saturday. However, hundreds of anti-racism demonstrators staged a counter-rally on O’Connell Street at 1.30pm.

Scuffles broke out when a small party broke away from the main gathering of anti-Pegida demonstrators and chased another group, believed to be Pegida supporters, down North Earl Street and into a discount store.

Members of the Garda Public Order Unit, approaching from Talbot Street, baton charged protesters outside the shop back towards O’Connell Street and then set up a cordon in the middle of North Earl Street.

RTÉ is to make a formal complaint after a senior staff camerman was injured “by a garda”. Laura Fitzgerald, communications manager for RTÉ news and current affairs, said “one of our cameramen was injured while working covering a demonstration and he was injured by a garda”. She said the camerman was receiving medical attention.

O’Connell Street was closed to traffic in both directions between Abbey Street and Cathal Brugha Street while Cathedral Street was cordoned off by public order, mounted and canine garda units.

There was a brief face-off between protesters and gardaí with shields dressed in riot gear at the junction of Abbey and O’Connell streets before crowds dispersed.

O’Connell St northbound was earlier closed to traffic to facilitate the main demonstration. Many individuals as well as representatives from groups such as Sinn Féin, People Before Profit, the Workers Solidarity Movement and Irish Muslim organisations assembled close to the Spire to demonstrate against Pegida.

AAA election candidate Michael O’Brien said the people had come out to resist Pegida and stop it getting off the ground.

“We’ve seen on the European continent and Britain what a menace the far right is to migrants and also to trade unions and social activists,” he said.

He added that the “vast majority of working class people get that the difficulties we face are from the big players in society, but it’s not to say that there aren’t also racist voices out there”.

People Before Profit’s Bríd Smith said she grew up in the 1980s and knows what it was like to be an Irish immigrant in the United Kingdom during that time.

She called on the crowd to “reject this absolute poison” and said that Muslims are being targeted wholesale by the likes of Pegida and other politicians who blame the religion for acts of Islamic terrorism.

Sinn Féin MEP Lynn Boylan said “we are standing shoulder to shoulder in solidarity to show that there is no place in Ireland today for racism and Islamophobia. There is no place for hate.”

She added that “when resources are scarce we have vulnerable communities being pitted against each other for these scarce resources. Organisations like Pegida exploit this.”

She said racism takes many forms in society and is alive online, in the workplace and on the streets. “It is your obligation to stand up and call out racism for what it is,” she said.

“We know it’s not just Pegida, it’s not just Front National. Racism is alive and well in the European Union. ”


Disguised attackers kill 1, injure 2 at Dublin hotel

(CNN) Gunmen, including two disguised as police and another one as a woman, burst into a Dublin hotel on Friday and opened fire during a weigh-in for a boxing match, killing one person, Irish police said.

In a statement, police said authorities were investigating a shooting that occurred at about 2:30 p.m. “at the Regency Hotel, Swords Road, Dublin 9.” Authorities said they believe shots were fired inside and outside the weigh-in room, but investigations are continuing.

The BBC showed video, taken by a spectator, of a boxer and others scrambling for safety.

Organizers of Saturday’s “Clash of the Clans” at the National Stadium subsequently canceled the boxing event.

The shooting was not an act of terrorism, a police representative told CNN. Investigators are looking into whether it is gang-related.

When emergency workers arrived, they found three injured men. One of the men, described as being in his 30s, was pronounced dead.

Two of the attackers wore helmets and SWAT-style uniforms, police said. They had automatic weapons.

Two others had handguns. One was disguised as a woman with an auburn wig. The second was described as stocky and wearing a beige cap.

The scene was sealed off, and a technical examination of the area was expected to take place. The hotel is popular with tourists.

A burned van was found later.

Police are appealing for anyone who was in the area or may have information to contact them.

Russian bombers disrupted planes in Irish airspace

March 4, 2015

Commerical planes carrying hundreds of passengers had to be diverted or delayed when bombers flew just off the coast of Ireland

Russian Bear aircraft photographed from an intercepting RAF quick reaction Typhoon (QRA) as it approached UK airspace

Russian Bear aircraft photographed from an intercepting RAF Typhoon as it approached UK airspace last year Photo: MoD

One plane was diverted and another delayed to avoid two Russian bombers that flew through Irish-controlled airspace without warning in February, the Irish Aviation Authority (IAA) said on Tuesday.

The disruption is believed to have occurred during the same February 18 incident in which British RAF Typhoon fighters were scrambled to escort two Russian bear bombers identified flying close to British airspace.

The move was seen as a show of strength by Russia amid tensions over the conflict in Ukraine, where Prime Minister David Cameron has accused Russian President Vladimir Putin of challenging the territorial integrity of Kiev.

The Irish authority said that the two Russian aircraft were flying with their transponders switched off – devices that help aircraft to be identified by air traffic control radars.

“One aircraft’s departure from Dublin was delayed due to the activity of the Russian military aircraft in UK controlled airspace,” the IAA said in a statement.

“The routing of one en route aircraft was changed to ensure that its track was sufficiently separated from the track of the two Russian military aircraft,” it added.

The diverted and delayed planes were commercial jets “carrying hundreds of people”, newspaper the Irish Examiner reported.

However, the IAA sad there had been “no safety impact to civilian traffic in Irish controlled airspace”.

The aircraft did not enter Irish sovereign airspace, but flew in Irish controlled airspace within 25 nautical miles (46.3 km) of the Irish coast between 1500 GMT and 1900 GMT, according to the authority.

British Defence Minister Michael Fallon warned that NATO need to be ready for “any kind of aggression from Russia” following the incident, which came after London summoned the Russian ambassador over a similar episode in January.

On Tuesday, leaders of the United States, Germany, France, Britain, Italy, and EU head Donald Tusk called for a “strong reaction” from the international community to any major violation of a ceasefire in eastern Ukraine in a bid to increase pressure on Russia.

Both Kiev forces and pro-Russian rebels accuse the other of continuing to mount attacks in defiance of a deal forged in a bid to end 11 months of bloodshed that has killed over 6,000 people, according to the UN.

Nevertheless, violence has abated over the past week, increasing hopes the agreement could hold.

Video footage filmed onboard Russian planes as they are escorted by RAF Typhoons in February:

Terrific Saint Patrick’s Day in Ireland!

March 17, 2013
U.S Coast Guard Petty Officer 3rd Class Tanner Marshall is kissed by a woman during a St. Patrick’s Day parade, Saturday, March, 16, 2013, in Savannah, Ga. St. (AP Photo/Stephen Morton)

U.S Coast Guard Petty Officer 3rd Class Tanner Marshall is kissed by a woman during a St. Patrick’s Day parade, Saturday, March, 16, 2013, in Savannah, Ga. St. (AP Photo/Stephen Morton)

By SHAWN POGATCHNIK | Associated Press

DUBLIN (AP) — Never mind the fickle Irish weather. A chilly, damp Dublin is wrapping up warm for St. Patrick’s Day.

An estimated half-million revelers were expected to brave snowflakes and sleet to line the capital’s streets for the traditional holiday parade Sunday, a 3-kilometer (2-mile) jaunt through the city’s heart involving performers from 46 countries.

Unusually, 8,000 tourists in town for the festivities were expected to lead this year’s procession in a “people’s parade.” The gesture is connected to a year-long tourism promotion called The Gathering that is organizing hundreds of clan reunions nationwide.

Since 1997 Dublin has expanded St. Patrick’s Day into a multi-day festival featuring special children’s playgrounds, street amusement parks, concerts and walking tours. Irish President Michael D. Higgins is hosting a nationally televised TV show featuring many of Ireland’s top artists and musicians, including Bono and Nobel-winning poet Seamus Heaney.

This is what St Patrick’s Day looked like

Most of Dublin’s famous buildings are floodlit green at night — again part of a global campaign that turns iconic landmarks green, including the Pyramids of Giza, the leaning tower of Pisa, Niagara Falls, and the Christ the Redeemer statue overlooking Rio.


Archbishop of Rio de Janiero Dom Orani Joao Tempesta, and deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness pictured at the “global greening” of the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro. Photograph: Kelvin Boyes/Press Eye/PA

While Dublin is the favored destination for those seeking an authentic St. Patrick’s celebration, practically the entire Irish government has traveled overseas to capitalize on a nationally unique marketing opportunity.

Prime Minister Enda Kenny marched in Saturday’s biggest U.S. parade in New York. The government deputy leader, Foreign Minister Eamon Gilmore, caused diplomatic waves in Atlanta, Georgia, by snubbing the second-biggest American parade in nearby Savannah — because he didn’t want to attend a dinner hosted by an Irish-American group that bans female attendance.

Seventeen other Irish ministers were seeking to boost trade, investment and tourism in other U.S. cities. All are badly needed in an Ireland suffering from 14 percent unemployment and a household-debt crisis connected to the country’s crushed property market.

While Irish-America broadly marked the holiday a day early, the Irish diaspora in most of the rest of the world stuck to marking St. Patrick’s Day on March 17 as usual.

About 30,000 spectators soaked up the sun as Sydney’s Irish-Australians paraded through the city. Australia always marks St. Patrick’s Day on a Sunday. After the event, partiers rallying at the city’s Hyde Park saw 45 Irish men and women receive Australian citizenship, an increasingly common event as tens of thousands of Irish job-seekers have emigrated to Australia each year since the 2008 collapse of Ireland’s credit-driven Celtic Tiger boom.

Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard joked that she would take on the title of “Taoiseach” for the day, the Irish Gaelic equivalent of “prime minister” and meaning “chief.”

Saint Patrick’s Day: Recalling Irish Union Soldiers in the American Civil War

March 12, 2013

Union’s luck with the Irish

By John E. Carey

Why did Irish immigrants enlist in the Army of the Potomac in such large numbers? According to the man who raised and equipped the Irish Brigade, Thomas Francis Meagher, “Duty and patriotism alike prompt me to it. The Republic that is the mainstay of human freedom, the world over, that gave us asylum and an honorable career, is threatened.

“It is the duty of every liberty-loving citizen to prevent such a calamity at all hazards. Above all it is the duty of us Irish citizens, who aspire to establish a similar form of government in our native land,” Meagher said.

The Irishmen carried green flags into battle alongside the Stars and Stripes. The distinctive flags were adorned with the harp of Erin embroidered in gold, “with a sunburst above it and a wreath of shamrock below. Underneath, on a crimson scroll, in Irish characters, was the motto, ‘They shall never retreat from the charges of lances.’ “

In Indiana, a French priest named Edward Sorin felt very much like Meagher.

Sorin, first president of the University of Notre Dame, recognized the importance of helping the Union cause and knew the Irish could choose to support the Union or suffer the blame of not contributing.

Father Sorin of Notre Dame

Father Sorin went first to one of his favorites, his protegé, the Rev. William Corby. He urged Corby and then all his Irish clergymen to minister to the men under arms and to serve the Irish Brigade in particular.

Corby and six other priests of the Holy Cross order, a third of the order’s members in the United States, eventually joined up, but Corby was the first Catholic priest with the Army of the Potomac. He chose to serve the Irish Brigade but extended his ministry to the entire Army because of the paucity of serving clergy, especially among Catholics, in the early stages of the war.

Father Corby at about the time he entered the Civil War

Corby and other chaplains at the start of the war received no pay and held no rank. Later, Washington recognized the importance of chaplains and offered each an officer’s commission and pay.

The nuns from the Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s College community also went to war. The nuns became nurses in the Western theater, and some helped staff the first Navy hospital ship, the USS Red Rover, a specially configured medical ship operating in the Mississippi River and Western theater.

USS Red Rover.jpg

Above: The first U.S. Navy Hospital Ship ever, USS Red Rover


At the Mound City, Ill., military hospital, Dr. John Brinton called most female volunteers “terrible, irritable and unhappy.” The work was tough, disgusting and fatiguing. Brinton heard about the Catholic nuns and asked if any could assist him.

“In answer to my request to the Catholic authorities of South Bend, Indiana, a number of sisters were sent down to act as nurses in the hospital. Those sent were from a teaching and not a nursing order, but in a short time they adapted themselves admirably to their new duties,” Brinton said.

The Irish Brigade — and all Irish on both sides during the Civil War — earned reputations as fighters.

They also earned reputations as drinkers.

St. Patrick’s Day with the Irish Brigade was the stuff of military legend.

Meagher made St. Patrick’s Day an event talked about by the entire Army of the Potomac. Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, when commanding the Army of the Potomac, was the honored guest at one celebration. Festivities began on the eve of the holiday, with the night of March 16 devoted to music and song.

At dawn on March 17, according to Meagher’s biographer, Michael Cavanagh, preparations were made for Roman Catholic Mass. “A new and elegant vestment had been purchased by the men for their beloved chaplain, Rev. William Corby,” he wrote.

After Mass, the brigade challenged units of the Army of the Potomac to athletic contests, followed by food and drink.

The teetotaling provost marshal of the Army of the Potomac, Gen. Marsena Patrick, wrote on that St. Patrick’s Day, “In accordance with a Special request from Hooker, I agreed to go over & witness some of the festivities at the Head Quarters of Meagher’s Irish Brigade. We brought up in the midst of a grand steeple chase, from which the crowd soon adjourned to drink punch at Meagher’s Head Quarters — Everybody got tight & I found it was no place for me — so I came home.”


St. Patrick’s Day, always a highly celebrated Civil War day of revelry, remains a special day for Irishmen the world over.

John E. Carey is a frequent contributor to The Washington Times.

Holy Cross Father William Corby, seated at right, poses with men from the Irish brigade in a photo from Harrison’s Landing, Va., dated 1862. In the picture are two other Holy Cross priests, Father Patrick Dillon, standing at left, and Father James Dillon , seated at center. The other men are unidentified. Father Patrick Dillon and Father Corby served as the second and third presidents of the University of Notre Dame in the years following the Civil War. (CNS photo/University of Notre Dame Archives/Library of Congress)



National and regimental flags represented prized symbols of honor and tradition for any Civil War military unit, Union or Confederate. However, knowledge about many of those military flags is limited, poorly documented or dependent on word-of-mouth histories or inaccurate museum notations.

Officially, according to regulations, regular Army units were authorized just three flags: two national flags and a state flag. The first U.S. flag was a huge 36-by-20-foot heavy-bunting flag intended to fly on a pole over camp or garrison. The Stars and Stripes that units carried into battle were 6-by-6 on a 19-foot staff.

According to Army regulations in 1861, “The second, or regimental color, to be blue, with the arms of the United States embroidered in silk on the center. The name of the regiment on a scroll, underneath the eagle.”Because largely ethnic units, such as Irish, German or Italian, usually were state volunteers, they freely deviated from these federal rules. Some carried no blue flag. Some of the Irish carried the Stars and Stripes, the blue New York flag and a green regimental flag. Other flags might be used as guidons at the end of regimental lines.

The original Irish Harp flag presented to the 28th Massachusetts Volunteers by the Mayor Joseph Wightman of Boston, and called the ‘Pilot’ flag because of this illustration from that Irish Catholic newspaper in Boston. The publisher was a strong supporter of the raising of the regiment.

Among the most recognizable regimental flags were the green silk flags of the Irish Brigade. At least three regiments of the Irish Brigade officially carried green flags: the 63rd Regiment, New York Volunteers; the 69th Regiment, New York Volunteers; and the 88th Regiment, New York Volunteers.A final 10th Regiment, New York Volunteers, was partially organized and then folded into the existing Irish units.As casualties among the Irish mounted in 1862, the 29th Massachusetts Regiment was added to the brigade, but this unit was not Irish. The 29th was replaced by the 28th Massachusetts, and then the 116th Pennsylvania joined the Irish Brigade. These units were almost entirely composed of Irishmen.

Confusion sometimes exists concerning the very names of these units, as accounts often refer to the 63rd Volunteer Infantry or the 69th Militia. As if that weren’t enough, the first Irish unit formed, the 63rd, is called the 3rd Irish (Independent) Regiment.The 69th is called the 1st Irish Regiment, and the 37th New York Irish Rifles is called the 2nd Irish Regiment.To further add to the confusion, the 23rd Illinois Volunteers is sometimes referred to as the “Irish Brigade of the West.”As flags were damaged beyond repair in battle or otherwise replaced, the lineage of the flags is denoted by a number, such as “the first Irish colors” for the first green flag carried by the unit.Most is known about the green flags of the 63rd, 69th and 88th New York Volunteers. The 28th Massachusetts apparently also carried a green flag, but the 116th Pennsylvania did not. The green regimental colors were rich in symbolism.

Most featured the Brian Boru harp, the symbol of the only king of a united Ireland, who died in battle in 1014. The sunburst often is above the harp, a symbol of hope and good times common among the American Fenians.

Shamrocks appear on several flags, in reference to the green hills of Ireland and its Catholic heritage. Many flags have patriotic Irish mottos such as “Riamh Nar Druid O Spairn Iann’” – “Who never retreated from the clash of lances.”Many of the green flags were presented to the regiments by wealthy donors. The most costly and ornate green flags, meant for presentation and ceremonies but not battle, were made by Tiffany Co.

How important can these flags be?

During the war, their value was inestimable. Brevet Brig. Gen. Ezra Carman, 13th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, recalls this scene at Antietam: “The ranks of [Thomas] Meagher’s [Irish] Brigade had been greatly thinned. The 69th New York had nearly melted away but a few [troopers] were left, huddling about its two colors, when one of the enemy shouted from the Sunken Road: ‘Bring them colors in here,’ upon which the two color bearers instantly advanced a few steps, shook their colors in the very face of the enemy and replied: ‘Come and take them you damned rebels.’”Capt. D.P. Conyngham wrote about “the green flag” at Antietam. “[It] was completely riddled, and it appeared certain death to anyone to bear it, for eight color bearers had already fallen.”The flags of the Irish Brigade, like other brigade banners, made the units recognizable and represented the bravery of the men who fought beneath them. At Fredericksburg, Confederate Gen. George Pickett marveled at the bravery of the Irish.

“The brilliant assault on Marye’s Heights of their Irish Brigade was beyond description. … We forgot they were fighting us, and cheer after cheer at their fearlessness went up all along our lines.”After Fredericksburg, though, some of the Irish feared they had lost their colors and shamed the brigade.

2nd Irish Color, 69th NYSV

Conyngham wrote: “Next day the color-sergeant was found sitting up against a tree, dead, and his hands clasped upon his chest, as if protecting something. Near him was the staff of the missing flag. When removing the body, the men found the flag wrapped around it, with a bullet hole right through it and his heart.”

Anyone with interest in the Irish Brigade will appreciate the historical memoirs and letters used, the carefully documented illustrations and the detailed endnotes and references in a recent book about the green flags: “Blue for the Union and Green for Ireland: The Civil War Flags of the 63rd New York Volunteers, Irish Brigade,” written by Peter J. Lysy and published by the Archives of the University of Notre Dame.

John E. Carey is descended from members of the Irish Brigade. He is a writer in Arlington, Virginia.

The writer, John Francis Carey, is descended from members of the Irish Brigade. He is a writer in Virginia.

Green field, gold border, Irish harp center, clouds above, shamrocks below, scroll above, lower scroll missing. The upper scroll reads “4th Regiment, Irish Brigade.” The motto in Gaelic on the lower scroll of all of the Regimental Flags of the Irish Brigade was “Riamh Nar Dhruid O Sbairn Lann”, commonly translated as “Who never retreated from the Clash of Spears.”

Silk Embroidered. Two ribbons, not original; one blue and gray, one green Made by Tiffany’s of New York
Received by the unit: December 1862

Carried in the “Return of Flags Ceremony,” December 22, 1865

This restored, second green flag of the 69th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment was donated by President Kennedy in 1963 and still hangs in the entrance to Leinster House, the home of the Parliament of the Republic of Ireland. This image is courtesy of the Houses of the Oireachtas, Leinster House, Dublin, Ireland

Also see:


Image result for father william corby statue, gettysburg, photos

Above: Statue of Father Corby at Gettysburg

Father William Corby is remembered as the priest who gave a general absolution at Gettysburg.

William Corby was born October 2nd 1833 in Detroit, Michigan the son of Daniel and Elizabeth Corby. He was a priest of the Congregation of Holy Cross. Corby served during the Civil War as a military Chaplin. He is best known for giving absolution to the Irish Brigade before they went into battle at the Stony Hill July 2nd 1863 on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Following the war Corby served at the President of University of Notre Dame, where Corby Hall is named for him. He died December 28th 1897, and is buried in the Basilica of the Sacred Heart at Notre Dame, Indiana.

Memoirs of Chaplain Life: 3 Years in the Irish Brigage with the Army of the Potomac

Father Corby, at the urging of many of the men he ministered to during the Civil War, wrote his memoirs in a book simply called “Memoirs of Chaplain Life.”  Lawrence Frederick Kohl, a University Professor of History, did us all a great favor by bringing Father Corby’s Memoirs back to life in 1992.

Lawrence Frederick Kohl, Editor, Memoirs of Chaplain Life: Three Years with the Irish Brigade in the Army of the Potomac  By William Corby. (New York: Fordham University Press, 1992).
Reverend William Corby died December 28th 1897.

See also: Rev. William Corby and The Very Rev. William Corby, C. S. C.


Image result for Thomas Francis Meagher, photos, waving hat

Thomas Francis Meagher who became known as “Meagher Of The Sword” was born in Waterford, Ireland in 1823. He was educated by the Jesuits in Clongowes Wood College, County Kildare, where, at an early age he displayed oratorical skills that were to become a hallmark of his career. He later studied under other Jesuits at Stonyhurst College, in Lancashire, England, where he completed his education in 1843.

He joined Daniel O’ Connell’s Repeal movement in the early 1840’s where his oratorical skills were used to make the case for a sovereign Ireland. He was compared favorably with Wolfe Tone and Robert Emmet.

In 1846, Meagher made his first speech on a crowded political platform, in Conciliation Hall in Dublin. His speech made a lasting impression on Young Irelander, William Smith O’ Brien who chaired the event. When the ‘peace resolutions’ were introduced, Meagher was expected to subscribe to the doctrine that the use of arms was at all times unjustifiable and immoral, a doctrine he abhorred. Instead, he delivered a speech that has never been surpassed for its brilliancy and lyrical grandeur. The following brief excerpt from that speech shows why he was called “Meagher of the Sword,”.

“Abhor the sword – stigmatize the sword? No, for at its blow a giant nation started from the waters of the Atlantic, and by its redeeming magic, and in the quivering of its crimsoned light, the crippled colony sprang into the attitude of a proud Republic.”

In 1849 he made two anti-Union speeches that were transcribed by English agents. As a consequence he was arrested, charged with treason and sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. His body was to be disposed of as determined by the English queen. The colonial governor of Ireland exercised the option of transportation, and on the 29th July 1849, he, with O’Brien, McManus, and O’Donohue was sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania), Australia.

Early in 1852 he escaped from Tasmania and arrived in New York in late May via San Francisco. He soon became a popular lecturer, and in 1853 published a volume of his speeches on “The Legislative Independence of Ireland.” He traveled a great deal during that period and drew large crowds to hear him speak for the cause of Irish freedom.

Meagher was admitted to the New York Bar in 1855. In 1856, together with John Savage he started the “Irish News”, which continued publication for several years.

At the onset of the civil war in 1861, he choose to support the Union cause and raised a company of “Irish Zouaves” for the 69th N.Y. Regiment. At the first battle of Bull Run he served as acting Major of the regiment and led his men in battle with characteristic gallantry.

He next organized the Irish Brigade, raising over 7,000 men. In November of 1861 he left New York for Washington with the first regiment of the Irish Brigade; other regiments followed in rapid succession. In 1862, he was appointed Brigadier General.

Meagher’s Irish Brigade went on to distinguish itself at Mechanicsville, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, Malvern Hill and later at Antietam.

Here in Western Maryland, Meagher’s Brigade of five regiments approached a well-protected Confederate force in a lane bordered with a stone wall, triggering a fierce engagement that left hundreds of dead and wounded on both sides, giving the scene its memorable name,


The Bloody Lane. One observer described the Irish troops, with green flags flying (made by Tiffany, using embroidered ancient Fenian and Gaelic mottoes, and even today on view at the Armory on Lexington Avenue in New York), comparing them as if a brigade on parade, with bayonets fixed, in serried ranks and closing in on the Confederates, their purpose to insert themselves between the men of the brilliant Stonewall Jackson and the gallant campaigners of General Longstreet.


Even under fire, the Irish were halted by General Meagher to allow a few solemn moments permitting their immortal Chaplain William Corby of Notre Dame to bless his men. About 30 percent of Meagher’s gallant brigade would fall that day, dead or wounded. The last four of the hastily-buried warriors were accidentally found and exhumed for a formal burial in 1994 at the adjacent military cemetery. In 1997 Antietam’s last war memorial was finally installed, honoring the Irish Brigade, with a fine bas-relief bronze image of Meagher looking out upon the fields where his faithful fighting men gained immortal fame for American arms.

After the war ended he was appointed Secretary then later Acting Governor of Montana.

On July 1st, 1867 Meagher of the Sword was drowned under mysterious circumstances in the night when he was traveling aboard the steamer Thompson, on the Missouri River opposite Fort Benton under mysterious circumstances. A monument honoring Meagher has been erected on the grounds of the Montana State Capitol.

Heroic equestrian statue to Thomas Francis Meagher (pronounced, roughly, Mare), first (acting) governor of the Montana Territory. Meagher had an interesting life (you can see a good Wikipedia biography of him here. His horse has all four hooves on the ground because Meagher survived the Civil War and did not die of wounds, but he also did not die in bed. He seems to have drowned after mysteriously falling from a steamboat on the Missouri River. His body was never recovered.

Scribhnaoir: Miceal O’ Coisdealbaig

69th Infantry Regiment (New York)