Posts Tagged ‘French’

Jihadist attack on Burkina Faso restaurant over, 18 killed

August 14, 2017


OUAGADOUGOU (Reuters) – A jihadist attack on a restaurant in Burkina Faso is over and the two assailants involved have been killed, the communications minister said on Monday.

Speaking to Reuters near the scene in Ouagadougou, Communications Minister Remi Dandjinou gave the final death toll of the overnight attack’s victims as 18 killed.

Earlier, authorities had suggested that three assailants had been killed, but the minister revised down that figure.


BBC News

Burkina Faso terror attack kills 18, government says

Gunmen attacked customers outside a restaurant in Ouagadougou

Eighteen people have been killed and a number have been wounded in a “terrorist attack” in the centre of the capital of Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou, the government says.

Gunmen opened fire on customers seated outside a restaurant, witnesses were quoted as saying.

The attack is now over, authorities say, with the two assailants also killed by security forces.

A jihadist attack on a nearby cafe killed 30 people in January last year.

There are fears that the latest attack is the work of one of the affiliates of al-Qaeda that are active in the Sahel region, the BBC’s Alex Duval Smith reports.

Minister of Communication Remis Dandjinou confirmed on Monday that the attack was over, with security forces carrying out checks on neighbouring buildings.

The shooting began shortly after 21:00 (21:00 GMT) on Sunday on Ouagadougou’s busy Kwame Nkrumah Avenue.

The Aziz Istanbul Restaurant appears to have been at the centre of the attack.

Police were quickly deployed to the scene
The nationalities of the victims are yet to be confirmed. AFP photo

One eyewitness told the BBC: “I saw there were multiple trucks or jeeps driving through my street, with… local army/police officers with AK47s, deploying in front of my house.

“I heard a lot of shootings and then I was scared as hell and I went inside. I’ve been hearing quite a bit of shooting.”

Police captain Guy Ye told Associated Press that the attackers had arrived on motorcycles and had begun shooting randomly.

A wounded restaurant customer sits on the ground following an attack by gunmen on a restaurant in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
A wounded restaurant customer sits on the ground after the attack. Reuters

Turkey’s foreign ministry has confirmed that one of the dead was Turkish. Unconfirmed reports say another was French.

The attack is similar to one in January 2016, when gunmen targeted the Splendid Hotel and the Cappuccino restaurant, only 200m further along Kwame Nkrumah Avenue from the scene of the latest attack.

More than 170 people were taken hostage and 30 were killed. The al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) group said it carried out that attack.

Burkina Faso is part of the Sahel region, which includes Mali where Islamist groups have been active since 2012.

A multinational force run by African nations to target jihadist forces in the Sahel region has been established, but it will not be operational until later this year.

Under fire: Recent attacks in Burkina Faso

Damaged vehicles outside the Splendid Hotel in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 16 January 2016Image copyright EPA
  • December 2016: 12 soldiers die in an attack by Islamist militants in the north, near the Mali border
  • January 2016: Islamist militants attack an Ouagadougou hotel popular with foreigners (above). Western nationals are among 30 people killed in the country’s deadliest attack so far
  • March 2017: As the capital gears up for Fespaco film festival, two police posts in the north are attacked. Three people are killed
  • March 2017: Two people are kidnapped and a school is torched after jihadists threaten educational establishments

Map of West Africa

France in Contact With Local Authorities Over Burkina Faso Attack, Advises Citizens to Avoid Area

August 14, 2017

PARIS — The local French embassy in Burkina Faso is in contact with local authorities regarding the attack on a restaurant and French citizens are advised to avoid the area, the French foreign ministry said in a statement.

“Our embassy is being kept informed of the situation due to permanent contact with local authorities,” the foreign ministry said in the statement.

Suspected jihadists killed at least 17 people and wounded eight during a raid on a restaurant in Burkina Faso’s capital, the communications minister said, as security forces sought to free people still trapped inside on Monday.

(Reporting by Sudip Kar-Gupta; Editing by Michael Perry)

French Security Forces Now Top Targets of Islamic Radicals

August 10, 2017

PARIS — French soldiers taking part in Operation Sentinelle are the highest profile symbols of the fight against Islamic extremism — but along with other security forces patrolling French streets are increasingly the main targets of attacks.

Operation Sentinelle was created to guard prominent French sites after a string of deadly attacks in 2015. The soldiers’ status as representatives, and defenders, of the state, has put security forces in the line of fire. But experts offer other reasons, too, for why attacks in France have recently focused on heavily armed protectors.

No civilians have been attacked this year — although intelligence services have foiled seven planned attacks, France’s interior minister said recently. More than 230 people, many of them out for a night of fun, were killed in 2015 and 2016.

Islamic radicals may seek extra media visibility presumably afforded by going after emblematic targets or be tempted by the wish to die as a “martyr,” several experts said. Or they may want to up assurance of redemption with an especially “heroic” act in the ultimate stage of a life spent mainly in delinquency in which security forces were the top enemy, the experts added.

Knives, machetes, hammers and vehicles have been used in the seven attacks this year — in each case against security forces — despite France’s state of emergency. In the latest, on Wednesday, a BMW slammed into six soldiers as they left their barracks outside Paris for duty in what authorities said was a “deliberate” attack. The suspect, an Algerian living legally in France, was arrested after a highway manhunt and hospitalized with bullet wounds.

“We need to finally suppress the idea that there is a common profile for terrorists,” said Alain Bauer, a leading criminologist and security expert. But, he added, attacking security forces is “a la mode” now in France.

In 2015 and 2016, soft targets were more common, after a Syrian who served the Islamic State group as its high-profile spokesman and strategist before being killed urged sympathizers in Europe and the U.S. to launch attacks against civilians — “especially the spiteful and filthy French.” High-level attacks, from the November 2015 massacres in Paris to last year’s Bastille Day truck attack in Nice, followed, with 216 dead.

This year, one person, a police officer on the crowded Champs-Elysees Avenue, has been killed. One attacker died in a second incident on the avenue after his car laden with weapons caught fire after he rammed it into a convoy of gendarmes.

Not all the attacks were claimed by IS, and like the attacker who plowed his car into the soldiers, not all were French. Except for Wednesday’s car attack, the attackers chose tourist haunts — going after security forces, not the crowds.

A study released in March by the Center for Terrorism Analysis, or CAT, showed that France isn’t alone. Attacks on security forces have been a constant in the West. Between 2013 and 2016, a majority — 53 percent — of 72 targeted attacks, either carried out, attempted or planned, were aimed at society’s protectors. The study also showed that France, with the highest number of Western jihadis in Syria and Iraq, and largest Muslim population in Western Europe, was the most targeted Western country.

IS cites France’s participation in the U.S.-led coalition when claiming attacks in the country.

“They want to die as martyrs,” said Jean-Charles Brisard, president of the CAT center.

In November 2015, when teams of extremists stormed into Paris from Brussels and killed 130 people enjoying a weekend on the town, they “waited for intervention forces to arrive to die with weapons in their hands facing apostate forces,” Brisard claimed.

For another expert, Alain Rodier, a former intelligence officer, many French Islamic extremists who go after symbols of the state had spent much of their lives doing just that as small-time delinquents. In France, police and youth in tough neighborhoods have notoriously bad relations with authorities in uniform and some delinquents who radicalize repeat old habits, he said.

“In reality, they’ve transferred what they did before,” Rodier said. They are people who haven’t traveled to combat zones and take action “on their own initiative,” he said, adding that the notion of redemption also can also motivate the choice of targets. They are often fed by extremist preachers whose message is “the more heroic the action the more their sins are pardoned.”

Wednesday’s attack threw the spotlight on the Sentinelle force, currently 7,000-strong with half of its members posted in the Paris region. Some have questioned why soldiers are patrolling sensitive sights from train stations and airports to places of worship — when they have never stopped an assault since their deployment after attacks in January 2015 on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and a Kosher grocery.

The soldiers are “a presence that reassures, protects,” Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said Wednesday, but also symbols “and therefore direct targets.”

They are also magnets for attacks, Bauer said.

The force’s real purpose, Bauer said, is “just trying to convince your population that you’re safe … (and) let everybody go to work every day.”

Be they soldiers, police or gendarmes — all of whom have been attacked this year — the crucial determinant is media attention, according to Bauer.

“Terrorism is about communication and violence,” he said.

France: Car ramming into soldiers being treated as a probable act of terrorism

August 9, 2017

PARIS — French counter-terrorist investigators have been asked to probe an incident in which a car rammed into a group of soldiers in a Paris suburb on Wednesday, a source in the judiciary said.

A judicial source told Reuters that the department had taken up the matter and was working alongside colleagues from the DGSI internal intelligence agency – a move that in France shows the matter is being treated as a probable act of terrorism.

A statement from French Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly added that police forces were looking for a suspect on the run after the incident, in which police said six soldiers were injured, two of them seriously.

(Reporting by Myriam Rivet; Writing by Sudip Kar-Gupta; Editing by Brian Love and Alison Williams)


Car rams into soldiers outside Paris, six injured

August 9, 2017


© AFP / by Gina DOGGETT | French police are scrambling to track down the vehicle involved in ramming soldiers outside Paris on August 8, 2017

PARIS (AFP) – French police launched a manhunt on Wednesday after a car rammed into soldiers near their barracks outside Paris, injuring six people, two of them seriously.Police were scrambling to track down the vehicle, which took off after the incident described by local mayor Patrick Balkany as “without a doubt a deliberate act”.

The incident took place at about 8:00 am (0600 GMT) outside a military barracks in the northwestern Paris suburb of Levallois-Perret.

Balkany told the all-news channel BFMTV that the car “accelerated very fast when they (soldiers) were coming out” of the barracks.

France has been under a state of emergency since November 2015 and has seen a string of attacks on security forces, particularly those guarding key tourist sites.

On Saturday an 18-year-old with a history of psychological problems was arrested on Saturday at the Eiffel Tower after brandishing a knife and shouting “Allahu Akbar” (God is Greatest).

He told investigators he wanted to kill a soldier, sources close to the case told AFP.

– String of bloody attacks –

In the bloodiest attack targeting France, 130 people were killed in a wave of shootings and bombings in Paris on November 13, 2015, in carnage claimed by the Islamic State group (IS).

In January 2015, two brothers who had vowed allegiance to Al-Qaeda gunned down 12 people at satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo in Paris.

France is part of the US-led international coalition fighting IS and has carried out air strikes against the extremist group in Syria.

In February, a man armed with a machete attacked four soldiers on patrol at Paris’s Louvre Museum, while in April another extremist shot and killed a policeman on the Champs Elysees.

In June, a 40-year-old Algerian doctorate student who had pledged allegiance to IS attacked a policeman with a hammer outside Notre Dame cathedral.

The attacks have taken a serious toll on tourism to France, the world’s top tourist destination, but the industry has begun to recover as incidents have become more widespread and generally less deadly.

With terror attacks hitting not just France but also Belgium, Britain and Germany, potential travellers show “a kind of fatalism”, said Josette Sicsic, head of Touriscopie, a firm that tracks tourist behaviour.

The French tourism ministry expects a five to six percent increase in overall arrivals to France this year, for a new record of 89 million visitors in 2017.

The lowest point for Paris came at the end of March 2016 — four and a half months after the Paris attacks when IS jihadists targeted people enjoying an evening out at trendy eateries, a concert hall and the national stadium.

In a rebound that began at the end of 2016, Paris saw a record 2.6 million foreign arrivals in the first four months of this year — a 19 percent increase over the same period last year.


Tainted eggs scandal spreads to Britain, France

August 7, 2017


© ANP/AFP / by Danny KEMP | Eggs stacking up a Dutch poultry farm shut down over the discovery of the insecticide fipronol

BRUSSELS (AFP) – Britain and France said Monday that some insecticide-tainted eggs may have entered the country, as millions of chickens faced being culled in the Netherlands in a growing European contamination scandal.Belgium meanwhile vowed full transparency about why it kept the scandal secret despite originally learning in June about the problem involving fipronil, a substance potentially dangerous to humans.

Supermarkets in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium have pulled millions of eggs from the shelves since Belgium gave the European Commission the first notification on July 20, while retailers in Sweden and Switzerland have followed suit.

The European Commission said Monday that under its EU rapid alert system it had been determined that eggs under suspicion of contamination had also been distributed to France and Britain via Germany.

“It’s now up to the Swedish, Swiss, French and to the UK to check because all these eggs are traceable and trackable,” European Commission spokeswoman Anna-Kaisa Itkonen told reporters.

Britain’s Food Standards Agency said it was “urgently investigating the distribution of these eggs in the UK” from farms at the centre of the scare, while adding that “the number of eggs involved is very small and the risk to public health is very low”.

It did not give a number but said it represented 0.0001 percent of eggs annually imported into Britain.

Contaminated eggs being destroyed

Eggs being destroyed

“We are working closely with the businesses that have received eggs from affected farms. Investigations to date indicate that any affected products are no longer on the shelves,” it said.

The French government said thirteen batches of Dutch eggs contaminated with fipronil have been found at two food-processing factories in central-western France.

The agriculture ministry said they were unable to immediately say whether any of the products had been shipped to customers.

It is believed the toxic substance was introduced to poultry farms by a Dutch business named Chickfriend brought in to treat red lice, a parasite in chickens.

Dutch and Belgian media reports that the substance containing the insecticide was supplied to Chickfriend by a Belgian firm have not been confirmed.

Dutch farming organisation LTO said that several million hens may need to be culled at 150 companies in the country, with 300,000 having already been killed.

An LTO spokesman said they “had to be eliminated because of contamination”.

– ‘Complete transparency’ –

Dutch authorities have shuttered 138 poultry farms — about a fifth of those across the country — and warned that eggs from another 59 farms contained high enough levels of fipronil that they should not be eaten by children.

Belgium currently has production blocked from 51 farms — a quarter of those nationwide — with fipronil found at 21 farms, although levels were ten times below the maximum EU limit, the country’s food safety authority AFSCA said.

Belgium’s agriculture minister meanwhile said he had ordered the agency to report by Tuesday on why it failed to notify neighbouring countries until July 20 despite knowing about fipronil contamination since June.

Denis Ducarme said in a statement he had told (AFSCA) to produce a “report on the circumstances of the agency’s actions since the first information it received about the fipronil problem”

Facing pressure from Germany and the Netherlands, Ducarme promised “complete transparency”.

He said he would speak by telephone with his counterparts in the coming days.

Belgian officials admitted on Saturday they had kept the problem under wraps and failed to trigger the EU’s international food safety alert system, but said it was because of a fraud probe.

Germany has demanded an explanation from Belgium about why the issue was kept covered up.

Fipronil is commonly used in veterinary products to get rid of fleas, lice and ticks. But it is banned from being used to treat animals destined for human consumption, such as chickens.

The substance is absorbed into the skin or feathers of chickens and then passes into the eggs.

In large quantities, the insecticide is considered to be “moderately hazardous” according to the World Health Organization, and can have dangerous effects on people’s kidneys, liver and thyroid glands.


by Danny KEMP

French farmers, breeders demand action against wolves — Sheep, beef, horses and even cheese at risk….

August 5, 2017


© AFP/File / by Loïc VENNIN | French livestock breeders say wolves are a growing threat to their animals

SEVERAC-LE-CHATEAU (FRANCE) (AFP) – Hundreds of farmers, shepherds and politicians rallied in Aveyron, southern France, on Saturday calling for action to halt the slaughter of livestock by packs of wolves.

The demonstrators gathered more than 3,000 sheep, about a hundred cattle and a few horses in a field to represent the number of animals killed by wolves in France in recent months.

“They tell us that 80 percent of French are in favour of the wolf, but that’s because these people don’t know the reality,” said shepherd Melanie Brune.

Image result for Aveyron, france, sheep grazing, photos

Sheep grazing near Aveyron, southern France

Brune and other livestock breeders were calling for government action to tackle the problem.

So far this year, wolves have killed 4,153 animals in France, according to an official government tally.

In 2016, the 10,234 animals were killed, up from 9,112 the previous year.

Wolves used to be common in France before dying out in the early 1930s.

They reappeared naturally at the beginning of the 1990s and today they number around 360 across the country, according to France’s National Office for Hunting and Wildlife (ONCFS).

The authorities have approved the culling of 40 wolves between July 1 2017 and the end of June, 2018 — the same number as the previous period. But the livestock breeders and their supporters say that is not enough.

by Loïc VENNIN
From 2012:
Roquefort under threat from the return of the wolf
The production of France’s Roquefort cheese is being threatened by the return of the wolf to the country’s southern mountains.

Roquefort farmers warn the future of the cheese could now be in jeopardy as they will no longer be able to respect the appellation's strict rules on allowing their sheep to graze freely

Roquefort farmers warn the future of the cheese could now be in jeopardy as they will no longer be able to respect the appellation’s strict rules on allowing their sheep to graze freely Photo: REUTERS

Seen this summer for the first time since the 1920s in the southern appellation, the elusive and protected predator has fanned out from the Italian and southeastern French Alps and is now carrying out attacks in the Cevennes mountains of Lozère in the southern Auvergne, the home of Roquefort cheese.

Roquefort farmers warn the future of the cheese could now be in jeopardy as they will no longer be able to respect the appellation’s strict rules on allowing their sheep to graze freely. These stipulate that it is “compulsory” for sheep to roam on the hilly pastures “every day” provided there is sufficient grass, “weather conditions permitting”.

There have been 30 recent attacks, with 62 ruminants killed and 73 injured.

Only a few have been officially attributed to the wolf, but farmers say coexistence in the area is impossible.

Christian Robert, 48, has a flock of 550 Lacaune sheep, whose ewes’ milk is used exclusively for Roquefort. According to a 1,000-year tradition, their milk is left to ripen in the caves of Mont Combalou beneath the village of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon.

In the summer, Mr Robert’s livestock grazes freely on the dry mountain plateau known as the Causse de Méjean. But in recent weeks, he has suffered five attacks, the latest little more than a week ago, with three sheep killed and four injured. There has been a spate of similar attacks on neighbouring flocks.

“It’s become unbearable. I’m forced to mount the guard every two hours,” he told The Daily Telegraph.

Under a “wolf code” established in 2004, the animals can be shot legally only by licensed “wolf lieutenants” or government marksmen and only if all other measures have been exhausted. To ward off the carnivores, shepherds are expected to invest in guard dogs, lighting and electric fences.

But shepherds in Lozère say such measures would put an impossible strain on their fragile economy and would be impracticable given their smaller, more dispersed flocks used to grazing unprotected on summer nights.

Mr Robert now has devices that set off projectors every 15 minutes and play music to scare off predators, but these have proved ineffective.

He fears for his ewes, as many are now pregnant. “When they are pursued like that they all abort without us even knowing. I have guns in all my vehicles and if I see a wolf I will kill it,” he said.

Mr Robert has received the unlikely support of environmental campaigner José Bové, a former Roquefort sheep farmer. The Green Euro MP enraged fellow ecologists this month by publicly declaring: “We should shoot wolves … the priority should be to protect small farmers in mountainous areas.”

This sparked one wildlife protection group to file a legal complaint against Mr Bové for “inciting the destruction of an endangered species”.

But Mr Bové stuck to his guns in an interview with the Telegraph.

“The cohabitation of man and wolf can be interesting in some areas, but I don’t see compatibility being possible in Lozere and Aveyron given the type of farming,” he said.

Eric Marboutin, head of the government’s Wolf and Lynx Project, called for calm, pointing out that for the moment only one lone wolf had been positively identified in the area and that farmers received compensation for any sheep killed.

But he said if the wolf proved to pose a real threat to Roquefort sheep farmers’ way of life, action could be taken.

Italian wolves, which crossed into the French Alps around 1993, are estimated to have multiplied to about 250 animals in 20 packs, ranging to the Auvergne in the West and the Vosges in the North.

The bulk of wolf attacks take place in the Alpes-Maritimes or the Var, where hunters have just been authorised to shoot an animal after a spate of killings.

Migrant killed on road near French port of Calais

August 4, 2017


© AFP/File | Up to 600 migrants are currently in the Calais area, according to migrant charities
LILLE (FRANCE) (AFP) – A migrant was killed when he was hit by a car near the northern French port of Calais, in the latest fatality linked to the three-year-old cross-Channel migrant crisis, authorities said Friday.A spokesman for the local authorities in Pas-de-Calais said the man “probably jumped out of a moving van and was hit by a vehicle” on the motorway on Thursday.

His nationality has not yet been established.

It is the second death of a migrant this year near the port, a springboard for migrants trying to reach Britain by stowing away on lorries.

An Ethiopian man in his twenties was killed in January.

In June, the driver of a Polish-registered van died when his vehicle encountered a roadblock set up by migrants, slammed into a truck and burst into flames.

Although the deaths continue, they have dropped sharply since French authorities closed the sprawling migrant camp known as the “Jungle” near the port last October.

A total of 33 migrants died in the Calais area in 2015 and 2016, mostly after being hit by vehicles as they tried to climb into lorries, or by trains about to pass through the Channel Tunnel.

Up to 600 migrants are currently in the Calais area, according to migrant charities.

Sarkozy may face criminal probe over Qatar World Cup vote-buying: report

August 4, 2017

Image may contain: 1 person, suit


Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy – Valery Hache-AFP via Getty Images

The selection process for the 2018 and 2022 tournaments has been mired in allegations of widespread corruption and bribery.

Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy is facing a criminal investigation in his country over allegations he accepted bribes to support Qatar’s bid to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup, the Telegraph reported Thursday.

The probe centers around a Qatari company buying a stake in a French energy and waste company, Veolia, and the sale of soccer club Paris Saint-Germain to another Qatari firm. According to the Telegraph, investigators are examining whether Sarkozy received kick-backs from those deals in exchange for France’s vote for Qatar. Sarkozy was president at the time his country supported the Qatari bid. 

The selection process for the 2018 and 2022 tournaments has been mired in allegations of widespread corruption and bribery.

In 2015, U.S. federal prosecutors indicted top officials from FIFA, soccer’s world governing body, on bribery and money laundering charges. FIFA President Sepp Blatter was subsequently forced to step down and was banned from soccer for six years.

Sarkozy is currently facing a separate criminal probe into allegations of illegal financing during his 2012 re-election campaign.


Nicolas Sarkozy under scrutiny in prosecutors’ probe into Qatar World Cup vote-buying

Image may contain: one or more people and closeup

 Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy CREDIT: JACKY NAEGELEN

Nicolas Sarkozy is to be embroiled in the criminal investigation into Qatar’s World Cup bid amid suggestions he may have benefited from multi-million-pound business deals linked to the Gulf state.

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani 
Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani (L), Emir of Qatar, FIFA President Sepp Blatter (R) and the World Cup trophy after Qatar was announced as host of the FIFA World Cup 2022. CREDIT: WALTER BIERI/EPA

The Daily Telegraph can disclose that French investigators are examining whether France’s former president may have received funds from transactions negotiated around the time of the 2022 bid, including from the sale of Paris Saint-Germain football club to Qatar.

Qatar is facing a series of international criminal inquiries into its successful World Cup bid amid claims that huge bribes were paid to secure support.

France emerged as one of the key backers for the Qatari bid and the former head of Fifa has claimed that Mr Sarkozy was a central figure in ensuring that the plan was supported by Paris and the other European nations whose representatives took part in the vote in 2010. A source close to…

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Courts orders France to provide water, sanitation to Calais migrants

July 31, 2017


© DENIS CHARLET / AFP | Migrants and refugees walk in a field towards the Marcel Doret industrial estate, near the French Channel port of Calais, northern France, on July 28, 2017.


Latest update : 2017-07-31

France’s highest administrative court on Monday rejected the government’s appeal against an order to provide water and sanitation facilities for hundreds of migrants sleeping rough in the northern port of Calais.

In a written decision seen by AFP, the Council of State said the state’s failure to provide for the migrants’ basic needs “exposed them to inhuman and degrading treatment, dealing a serious and clearly illegal blow to a basic right.”

The council noted that migrants, “who find themselves in a state of destitution and exhaustion, have no access to running water, showers or toilets and cannot therefore wash themselves or their clothes.”

The situation had caused some to develop skin diseases such as scabies and impetigo or infected wounds, “as well as serious psychological troubles,” the council found.

The court upheld a June 26 order by a court in the northern city of Lille for the state to supply the migrants with running water, toilets and showers.

The Lille court also demanded that those migrants who decide to seek asylum in France be offered a place in a reception centre wherever there was space available.

Several hundred migrants are camped out in and around Calais — the main launchpad for attempts to smuggle across the Channel to Britain by truck.

The interior ministry and the city of Calais had appealed against the Lille court’s ruling in June, saying the provision of services would lead to the proliferation of new “Jungles”, as the sprawling makeshift camp demolished last year in Calais was known.

The case was taken by a group of migrants and NGOs, who complained that the state was violating the migrants’ basic rights.

France’s new centrist government has taken a tough line on Calais, with Interior Minister Gerard Collomb saying he does not want the city to become an “abscess”.

Last week, President Emmanuel Macron softened his tone somewhat, saying he aimed to find shelter for all those living on the street by the end of the year.