Posts Tagged ‘West Kalimantan’

282 hot spots detected across Indonesia

August 6, 2017

Image may contain: one or more people, people standing, fire, sky and outdoor

Indonesia — Fire-fighting operations in South Sumatra, one of the five provinces currently in a state of emergency. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB)

JAKARTA – Indonesian satellites on Sunday (Aug 6) morning picked up 282 hot spots – believed to be the highest number across the country this year – as the dry season continues.

The worst hit province was West Kalimantan, where more than half of the hot spots were detected, said National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) spokesman, Dr Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, as he released the figures yesterday (Aug 6) evening.

Five districts in the province – Kubu Raya, Ketapang, Sekadau, Melawi and Bengkayang – have declared a state of emergency to enable local authorities to access central government support, including military assistance, to put out the fires.

Dr Sutopo also expressed concern that although 150 hot spots were detected across West Kalimantan, the number of fires there may be higher.

“Land and forest fires in West Kalimantan continue despite our continued efforts to suppress them,” he added.

He warned that the number of hot spots is probably higher as the satellites may not have passed over all the forest and land areas where fires could be burning.

Other areas in Indonesia were also hit by forest fires, albeit not as badly as in 2015 when the burning of forest and peatland in Kalimantan and Sumatra produced a transboundary haze, which blanketed the region and led to record air pollution levels for months.

Aside from those in West Kalimantan, the hot spots were spread across other provinces such as South Sumatra (23 hot spots), South Sulawesi (18), Riau (16) and East Nusa Tenggara (12).

Dr Sutopo said the hot spots were spotted on private plantation land, community-owned land and in national parks, in hard-to-reach locations.

Image may contain: one or more people

An Indonesian woman and a child walk on a bamboo bridge as thick yellow haze shrouds Palangkaraya on Oct 22, 2015. AFP photo

“The areas burned are generally areas that are difficult to access and away from settlements, that is why (the fires) are difficult to extinguish,” he added.

As of Saturday, 18 helicopters have been deployed for fire-fighting operations in Riau, Jambi, South Sumatra, West Kalimantan and South Kalimantan. All five provinces are currently in a state of emergency.

Indonesia’s Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar said last Sunday that helicopters will deployed to put out fires over areas where there is limited road access.

“If land access is difficult or shut down for a long time, then we will use water-bombings,” she said.

The dry season in Indonesia is forecast to end in September, at the earliest.

http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/282-hot-spots-detected-across-indonesia-on-sunday

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Carbon monoxide concentrations world-wide during the Indonesian burning season, 2015

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South China Sea: Indonesia to boost military to protect borders

November 6, 2016
/ 09:15 AM November 06, 2016
Anticipating threats in disputes in the South China Sea, Indonesia said it would be boosting its military presence in the Natuna Islands. Jakarta said it might deploy Russian-made SU-35 jet fighters (inset) which it would buy from Moscow. GOOGLE MAPS / MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION PHOTO

Anticipating threats in disputes in the South China Sea, Indonesia said it would be boosting its military presence in the Natuna Islands. Jakarta said it might deploy Russian-made SU-35 jet fighters (inset) which it would buy from Moscow. GOOGLE MAPS / MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION PHOTO

JAKARTA, Indonesia — Indonesia will strengthen its weaponry systems on Natuna Island in anticipation of future threats in the South China Sea dispute.

Natuna, located 550 kilometers east of Batam Island, borders Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia and Malaysia. The island is on the border of Indonesia that is nearest to the South China Sea.

READ: Indonesian leader stands up to China, visits isles off clash site | China says Indonesian navy shot at Chinese fishermen

“We will equip Natuna with a port and extend its military air base runway. The runway should be enough to accommodate four jet fighters,” Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu told journalists.

He added that more jet fighters would be stationed at the military air base Ranai in Natuna.

The defense minister has made a list of weapons systems needed for borders, saying having proper weapons systems along the borders was necessary to prevent possible threats to Indonesia’s territory.

“We will equip Natuna with a port and extend its military air base runway. The runway should be enough to accommodate four jet fighters,” Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu told journalists.

“We are not in a war situation, but the South China Sea is very close to us. We have to be prepared. Our weaponry systems are good, but we need to add more [weapons], so that we don’t need to worry all the time,” he said.

The South China Sea is a semi-enclosed sea bordering China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Due to its proximity to so many nations, complicated, often sensitive questions over jurisdiction are common. In recent years, a series of disputes over islands have rocked relations between China and other countries.

Previously, Indonesia upgraded a naval base (Lanal) in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, to become the Navy Main Base (Lantamal), also to anticipate similar risks of disputes erupting in the sea.

“We are not in a war situation, but the South China Sea is very close to us. We have to be prepared. Our weaponry systems are good, but we need to add more [weapons], so that we don’t need to worry all the time,” he said.

“[We should] maintain security and stability in the South China Sea, especially with the recently increasing intensity of threats,” Navy chief of staff Adm. Ade Supandi said last week.

Besides allocating more weapons systems to Natuna, the Defense Ministry is starting to inspect the preparedness of weapons systems in all battalions of the Navy, Army and Air Force. The inspection was directly ordered by President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo to discover the condition of the weapons systems.

“We should know from the soldiers which weapons should be replaced or repaired,” Minister Ryamizard said after conducting inspections in three military units: the Army’s Special Forces (Kopassus), Cavalry Battalion Yonkav 1/1 Kostrad and Infantry Batallion Yudha Jaya in Jakarta.

“The most important thing is to maintain the weapons systems [that we have bought]. Our weapons are brand new and the maintenance should be done seriously,” he said.

Ryamizard said that he had also reported the audit of the weaponry systems to President Jokowi and so far the response was quite good.

“The most important thing is to maintain the weapons systems [that we have bought]. Our weapons are brand new and the maintenance should be done seriously,” he said.

Indonesia is now working to strengthen its minimum essential force (MEF). It was reported that Indonesia met 38 percent of the MEF in 2014 and aimed to reach 100 percent by 2019. The country had allocated 100 trillion rupiah (US$7.07 billion) to meet the MEF.

After a long discussion, including a comparison of five different types of jet fighters, the ministry also decided to procure Russian-made Sukhoi SU-35s to replace the retiring F-5 Tiger jet fighters.

After a long discussion, including a comparison of five different types of jet fighters, the ministry also decided to procure Russian-made Sukhoi SU-35s to replace the retiring F-5 Tiger jet fighters.

The Sukhoi purchase will be carried out in stages depending on the government’s financial capacity.

“We wanted to buy one squadron, but we are aware of the current [financial] situation so maybe [we will buy] around eight [units]. The jets will be all brand new and have complete weapons,” Ryamizard said.

The current price of a Sukhoi Su-35 is estimated to be $65 million.

It was reported that before being selected, the Sukhoi SU-35 had to compete against four other types; the American-made F-16 Block 60, the Swedish-made JAS-39 Gripen, the Eurofighter Typhoon, a collaboration between Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, and the French-made Rafale jet fighter.

Ryamizard said that besides purchasing the Sukhoi Su-35s, Indonesia also planned to procure Boeing aircraft and Chinook helicopters from the US. CBB/rga

Read more: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/841476/indonesia-to-boost-military-in-south-china-sea-amid-dispute#ixzz4PCuOKoJB
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Indonesia Court Finds Corporation Guilty of Setting Illegal Fires

August 31, 2016

A helicopter from Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency dousing fires in Kampar in Riau province on Aug 29, 2016. PHOTO: AFP

The Palembang High Court has overturned a lower court’s decision to clear pulpwood firm Bumi Mekar Hijau (BMH) of illegally setting fires on its concession land in 2014.

According to a copy of the Aug 12 ruling that was seen by The Straits Times, the firm was found to have “committed an unlawful act”.

The High Court also ordered BMH, which supplies products to Indonesia’s Sinar Mas Group, to pay 78.5 billion rupiah (S$8 million) in damages.

The award is a small fraction of the 7.8 trillion rupiah in damages sought by the Environment and Forestry Ministry when it first filed the civil suit against BMH last year.

Still, green groups such as the Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi) hailed the latest verdict as a “small win” for Indonesia’s conservation efforts.

Walhi’s South Sumatra chapter director Hadi Jatmiko said: “On the one hand, the court is on the side of the environment by saying BMH is guilty of having illegally burnt 20,000ha of its own concession in 2014. But it is disappointing that the compensation is less than 1 per cent of the total sum demanded.”

Indonesia – through its Environment and Forestry Ministry – has been taking errant firms to task over illegal forest fires that have been the cause of transboundary haze pollution.

Mr Jasmin Ragil Utomo, who is from the Environment and Forestry Ministry, yesterday acknowledged the court’s decision.

“The most important thing is that the court has declared that the company has committed a violation,” said Mr Jasmin, who is the ministry’s director for environmental dispute settlement.

BMH’s lawyers declined to comment on the case, saying they have not received an official copy of the latest verdict.

This is not the first time BMH is in the news over allegations related to forest fires. Indonesia’s Peatland Restoration Agency earlier this year said the firm has been ordered to restore 95,000ha of damaged peatland in its concessions.


An Indonesian soldier tries to extingusih a peatland fire in Kampar, Riau, Sumatra island, Indonesia on Aug 23, 2016.PHOTO: REUTERS / ANTARA FOTO

Satellite data from Global Forest Watch detected at least 22 fire alerts in their pulpwood concessions between Aug 21 and Sunday.

Indonesia – through its Environment and Forestry Ministry – has been taking errant firms to task over illegal forest fires that have been the cause of transboundary haze pollution.

Haze from fires in Kalimantan and Sumatra returned in recent weeks, prompting fears of a repeat of last year’s crisis, which sent air pollution levels to a record high and affected millions of people in the region.

Yesterday, heavy rainfall across Indonesia provided much-needed relief for people in Sumatra’s Riau province.

Several areas in Riau were hit by severe air pollution in recent days, prompting some schools to suspend classes since Monday.

Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) yesterday said a combination of rain and fire-fighting efforts, including cloud-seeding operations, helped improve air quality.

Dr Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, who heads BNPB’s data and information division, said the air pollution standard index for most regions in Sumatra was generally under 50, or in the “good” range.

In Riau’s Rokan Hilir regency – one of the worst-hit areas in recent days and where fire-fighting efforts were focused yesterday – the air quality was “moderate”.

“Fire-fighting operations in the six provinces of Riau, Jambi, South Sumatra, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and South Kalimantan will continue,” said Dr Sutopo.

A total of five BNPB helicopters as well as three fixed-wing aircraft have been deployed to douse fires in Riau, he added.

Lawless Seas: More Chinese Fishermen Arrested by the Philippines, Indonesia (Smaller Nations Tired of Being Pushed Around)

May 30, 2016
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World | Fri May 27, 2016 6:02am EDT

Reuters

Two Philippine coast guard vessels intercepted a Chinese fishing boat with 10 crew off northeastern Luzon after a two-hour chase, two local broadcasters said on Friday, accusing them encroaching into Philippine territorial waters.

It was the latest in a series of similar clashes, with each side saying the other is in the wrong.

China and the Philippines are locked in a territorial dispute in the South China Sea, a strategic waterway where $5 trillion worth of ship-borne trade passes every year. Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan and Vietnam also have claims.

Chinese fishing vessel Lu Huang Yuan Yu 186 detained in South Africa during the second week in may, 2016

Lieutenant Jeffrey Collado told broadcasters ABS-CBN and GMA the steel-hulled Chinese fishing boat, flying a Philippine flag, tried to escape after ramming the Coast Guard boat but another vessel arrived to help stop the Chinese boat.

“The Chinese fishing boat was in Philippine territorial waters, they are not in disputed seas,” he said, adding the 10 fishermen would be charged with illegal fishing.

Tension between the Philippines and China has risen as an international tribunal in the Hague prepares to deliver a ruling in the next few months in a case lodged by Manila in 2013.

The Philippines is seeking a clarification of United Nations maritime laws that could undermine China’s claims to 90 percent of the South China Sea. China has rejected the court’s authority.

(Reporting by Manuel Mogato; Editing by Nick Macfie)

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Indonesia detains Chinese fishing trawler in Natuna

The Indonesian navy has detained a Chinese vessel and eight Chinese crew members suspected of fishing illegally in the Natuna Sea, the latest arrest after an incident in March raised diplomatic tensions between the two countries.

An Indonesian warship was conducting patrols last Friday when it detected the Chinese trawler, Gui Bei Yu 27088, fishing illegally in the country’s “exclusive economic zone”, the navy’s Western Fleet Command spokesman, Major Budi Amin, told The Straits Times yesterday.

“We strongly suspect they were poaching fish in our territory because we found fresh fish on the boat,” he said, adding that the type of fish caught is identical to those found in the waters there.

 

“The boat engine was faulty so we had to tow the boat to a port in Natuna. We also arrested eight Chinese crew to question their activities,” he said. Investigations are ongoing, he added.

An exclusive economic zone, or EEZ, is a sea zone over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, as prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

The Indonesian military said in a statement that last Friday’s arrest was a “success in following up the orders of military chief General Gatot Nurmantyo in increasing surveillance at all borders, including the South China Sea”.

The arrest also served to “warn the world” that Indonesia would take “firm action” against vessels that breach its laws, it added.

On April 22, the Indonesian navy detained another Chinese trawler, Hua Li 8, in Belawan in North Sumatra province. The boat was wanted by Interpol in Argentina for poaching illegally in its waters.

Earlier, on March 19, the Indonesian maritime authorities nabbed eight Chinese fishermen from a vessel off Natuna Islands which was said to be poaching in its exclusive economic zone off West Kalimantan.

But a Chinese coast guard vessel intercepted the Indonesian operation and managed to free the vessel, sparking a diplomatic spat between the two countries.

Besides territorial claims, disputes over contested fishing grounds have also heightened tensions in the South China Sea.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 30, 2016, with the headline ‘Indonesia detains Chinese fishing trawler in Natuna’.
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China’s national strategy is to re-create the wealth and trading excellence of past Chinese Emperors. China views the ocean passages from China, through the South China Sea and into the Indian Ocean and the oil rich Middle east as a necessary re-birth of the “Silk Road” of centuries long ago. Xi Jinping’s “One Road, One Belt” is the reason for lavish infrastructure investments in Thailand, Indonesia, Pakistan,  Sri Lanka and elsewhere. There is even a plan to build a new seaport in the Bay of Bengal. This is not a pipe-dream but a rational national endeavor meant to restore China to greatness and world leadership. Most Chinese are afraid to speak candidly about the plan — for fear of the their Chinese Communist enforcers. But it is clear: this is a very real effort and the U.S. is in the way and, from China’s perspective, has no reason to be interested. To China, the U.S. is a decadent and dying former super-power.
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Some liken Xi Jinping’s “China Dream,” Maritime Silk Road and “One belt, One Road” to “Manifest Destiny in the U.S. and Adolph Hitler’s Lebensraum or “Living Space.”
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Every man woman and child in China is expected to participate in some useful way in the “Chinese Dream.” Chinese people are are now tourists is just about every part of the world — including the Arctic. China’s economic boom years which are now mush slower and measured, created a huge Middle Class. At the same time, the American middle class has been shrinking while the nation spends more and more on social spending. To many Chinese, China is rising — America and Europe are in decline. Thus, the Chinese are taught that all “Western Values” are bad — which fuels the war against churches, minority groups, Uighurs, Muslims, Tibetans, NGOs and etc.
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Most Westerners don’t appreciate the Chinese way of doing things. “Wise man who lives with tiger better not to sleep too deeply.”
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Part of China’s “Gaining Ownership By Intimidation” — A Chinese Coast Guard vessel rams a Vietnamese law enforcement ship

This photo taken on June 23, 2014 and released by Vietnam’s maritime police allegedly shows a Chinese boat (L) ramming a Vietnamese vessel (R) in contested waters near a Chinese deep sea drilling rig in the South China Sea, June 24, 2014.
AFP

Vietnamese fishermen swim for their lives after being rammed and sunk by a Chinese Coast Guard ship near Vietnam.

A Vietnamese coast guard ship approaches a Thai boat as the latter is selling diesel to a Vietnamese fishing boat on March 18, 2016. Photo: Thanh Hai
A Vietnamese coast guard ship approaches a Thai boat as the latter is selling diesel to a Vietnamese fishing boat on March 18, 2016. Photo: Thanh Hai

Indonesia burns a Vietnamese fishing boat accused of illegal fishing on August 17, 2015. China has invested heavily in Indonesian infrastructure projects like rail lines. We have never heard of Indonesia setting fire to or blowing up Chinese vessels accused of illegal fishing. They just hold them for a few days and then let them go.

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In this Nov 22, 2015 image, Kyaw Naing, a slave from Myanmar, talks to a security guard through the bars of a cell at the compound of a fishing company in Benjina, Indonesia. (AP photo)

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Fishing boats set sail from Tongling port in Dongshan County, China
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Vietnamese fishermen swim for their lives after their ship was rammed and sunk by a Chinese ship — inside Vietnamese waters
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Filipino fishermen wave from a fishing boat bound to fish near Scarborough Shoal in Masinloc, Zambales. REUTERS/Erik De Castro

When intimidation, fear and coercion don’t work, China will try seduction.

China is starting submarine patrols of subs carrying Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) with nuclear warheads in the Pacific Ocean for the first time this month.

The big picture look at the South China Sea

Above Chinese chart shows Chin’a “Nine Dash Line.” China says it owns all ocean territory north of the Nine Dash Line. There is no international legal precedent for this claim.

The chart below shows in stark terms the vast ocean area China is claiming. China says it can stop shipping or air traffic in this zone any time it wants and has talked about establishing an Air Defense identification Zone (ADIZ) here.

Indonesia Set For Weapons Build Up To Counter South China Sea Disputes

September 7, 2015

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By Nani Afrida, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Headlines | Mon, September 07 2015

Indonesia will strengthen its weaponry systems on Natuna Island in order to anticipate future threats from the South China Sea dispute.

Natuna, located 550 kilometers east of Batam Island, borders Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia and Malaysia. The island is on the border of Indonesia that is nearest to the South China Sea.

“We will equip Natuna with a port and extend its military air base runway. The runway should be enough to accommodate four jet fighters,” Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu told journalists.

He added that more jet fighters would be stationed at the Ranai military air base in Natuna.

The defense minister has made a list of weapons systems needed for borders, saying having proper weapons systems along the borders was necessary to prevent possible threats to Indonesia’s territory.

“We are not in a war situation, but the South China Sea is very close to us. We have to be prepared. Our weaponry systems are good, but we need to add more [weapons], so that we don’t need to worry all the time,” he said.

The South China Sea is a semi-enclosed sea bordering China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Due to its proximity to so many nations, complicated, often sensitive questions over jurisdiction are common. In recent years, a series of disputes over islands have rocked relations between China and other countries.

Previously, Indonesia had upgraded a naval base (Lanal) in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, to become the Main Naval Base (Lantamal), also to anticipate similar risks of disputes erupting in the sea.

“[We should] maintain security and stability in the South China Sea, especially with the recently increasing intensity of threats,” Navy chief of staff Adm. Ade Supandi said last week.

Adm. Ade Supandi

Besides allocating more weapons systems to Natuna, the Defense Ministry is starting to inspect the preparedness of weapons systems in all battalions of the Navy, Army and Air Force. The inspection was directly ordered by President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo to discover the condition of the weapons systems.

“We should know from the soldiers which weapons should be replaced or repaired,” Minister Ryamizard said after conducting inspections in three military units: the Army’s Special Forces (Kopassus), Cavalry Battalion Yonkav 1/1 Kostrad and Infantry Batallion Yudha Jaya in Jakarta.

Ryamizard said that he had also reported the audit of the weaponry systems to President Jokowi and so far the response was quite good.

“The most important thing is to maintain the weapons systems [that we have bought]. Our weapons are brand new and the maintenance should be done seriously,” he said.

Indonesia is now working to strengthen its minimum essential force (MEF). It was reported that Indonesia met 38 percent of the MEF in 2014 and aimed to reach 100 percent by 2019. The country has allocated Rp 100 trillion (US$7.07 billion) to meet the MEF.

After a long discussion, including a comparison of five different types of jet fighters, the ministry also decided to procure Russian-made Sukhoi SU-35s to replace the retiring F-5 Tiger jet fighters.

The Sukhoi purchase will be carried out in stages depending on the government’s financial capacity.

“We wanted to buy one squadron, but we are aware of the current [financial] situation so maybe [we will buy] around eight [units]. The jets will be all brand new and have complete weapons,” Ryamizard said.

The current price of a Sukhoi Su-35 is estimated to be $65 million.

It was reported that before being selected, the Sukhoi SU-35 had to compete against four other types; the American-made F-16 Block 60, the Swedish-made JAS-39 Gripen, the Eurofighter Typhoon, a collaboration between Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, and the French-made Rafale jet fighter.

Ryamizard said that besides purchasing the Sukhoi Su-35s, Indonesia also planned to procure Boeing aircraft and Chinook helicopters from the US. – See more at: .

http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/09/07/ri-anticipates-risk-dispute-south-china-sea.html#sthash.oyd6dodz.dpuf

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Indonesian Navy Kri Makassar

Indonesia To Build New Military Base Near South China Sea

July 10, 2015

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The Indonesian government announced on Friday a plan to construct a new military base to guard border areas near South China Sea.

Defence Ministry held a meeting on Friday with The National Development Planning Board (Bappenas) to discuss the plan.

“Our meeting today is aimed at synchronizing our ambition to guard the national interest and protect the sovereignty of our territory,” Bappenas chief Andrinof Chaniago said as quoted by Antara news agency.

Andrinof said he proposed the establishment of a joint research team to carry out the plan. He said there were several potential locations for the base. So far, the options referred to were areas in Sambas, West Kalimantan; Natuna Islands, Riau Islands and Tarakan, North Kalimantan.

 A Chinese Coast Guard vessel passes near the Chinese oil rig, Haiyang Shi You 981 in the South China Sea, about 210 km (130 miles) from the coast of Vietnam. The US says it is concerned at China’s aggressive exertion of sovereignty in the sea.
A Chinese Coast Guard vessel passes near the Chinese oil rig, Haiyang Shi You 981 (HS 981) in the South China Sea, about 210 km (130 miles) from the coast of Vietnam, in May 2014. China’s heavy handed approach to sovereign nations in the South China Sea has not made China many friends.  Photograph: Reuters/Reuters

“The findings from the team will be conveyed to President Jokowi [Joko Widodo], who will make his decision. We hope that in the near future, the plan will be realized,” he said.

Meanwhile, Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said that an Indonesian military base in the territory is urgent considering the high potential of future conflict between different countries.

Indonesia’s Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu

“I previously worked in West Kalimantan and I believe that building a military base in that territory is a very good decision. We have natural resources that we need to guard,” said Ryamizard, who was the Army Chief of Staff under the Megawati administration.

Ryamizard, therefore, welcomed Bappenas’ proposal.

“I don’t want to see a Sipadan-Ligitan conflict occurring again under the current administration. The Defense Ministry is ready to support the plan,” he said, referring to the two small Islands off East Kalimantan that have previously been a source of conflict between Indonesia and Malaysia.

– See more at: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/07/10/govt-build-military-base-near-south-china-sea.html#sthash.4TnlPTo7.dpuf

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Chinese Navy’s amphibious landing ship Jinggangshan is seen during a training mission with a hovercraft near James Shoal in March, 2013. Photo: Xinhua
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An elderly Vietnamese protester holds a placard during an anti-China protest in front of the Chinese consulate in the financial district of Manila on May 16, 2014. Several hundred Filipino and Vietnamese protesters united in a march in the Philippine capital on May 16, demanding that China stop oil drilling in disputed South China Sea waters. Many Vietnamese remain uneasy with China in the South china sea till this day.  AFP PHOTO/TED ALJIBE (Photo credit should read TED ALJIBE/AFP/Getty Images)

Protesters in the Philippines

Malaysia looks over a Chinese Coast Guard intruder

“We have natural resources that we need to guard,” said Indonesia’s Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu

Many of China’s South China Sea neighborhood complain about illegal Chinese fishing

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China says it owns all the South China Sea north of the “nine dash line” shown above

China claims ownership of about 90% of the South China Sea. Most of China’s neighbors believe otherwise.

The chart below shows the area declared by China on 1 January 2014 as “an area under China’s jurisdiction.” China says “foreign fishing vessels” can only enter and work in this area with prior approval from China. Vietnam, the Philippines and others have said they will not comply with China’s law. Experts say, this could be the geographic area that China could declare an air defense identification zone (ADIZ).